Collection introduces the region of centuries-long cultural and technological activity of man, which groups the remnants of the 19th-century industrial complexes and facilities — created in the era of early modern industry being born in the Polish lands.
This collection includes wooden and timber-frame churches of Greater Poland. In addition to brick churches with diverse stylistic features, they constitute a distinctive attribute of the region. Their presence enriches settlement landscape and they are an extremely valuable part of cultural heritage of Greater Poland.
Wooden architecture is a distinctive feature of Polish cultural landscape, and Podkarpacie is one of the regions where extremely precious, antique, wooden buildings from many periods and of many categories are preserved in abundance.
The Gothic sacred architecture from the area of Żuławy includes mostly modest single-nave churches representing local architecture, which in the specific area of the delta of the Vistula river had to face significant restrictions in terms of land and materials (wetland, frequent floods, absence of stone material).
The best preserved and at the same time the most interesting remains of castles of the Dukes of Masovia in Masovia region within its historical borders are located in Płock, Czersk, Ciechanów, Sochaczew, Rawa Mazowiecka, Liw, and Warsaw.
The collection presents hill forts and cemeteries that are remnants of the so-called Cherven Towns, a historical territory from the period of the beginnings of the Piast Poland in the 10th–13th century, covering at the present most of the southern area of the Lubuskie voivodeship.
A former demesne of the bishops of Warmia, since 16th century surrounded by Protestant land, it was shaped by the Catholic identity and relation with the Republic of Poland. The rank and importance of these relations is evidenced by a group of modern pilgrimage churches of considerable architectural value, associated with the surrounding landscape, with lavish fittings.
The Lubuskie voivodeship abounds in variegated examples of defensive architecture: knight towers, castles, manor houses, defensive churches and structures protecting settlements, towns, or states such as palisades, earth ramparts, defensive walls, chains of fortresses, or fortification lines.
The collection is comprised of a dozen or so churches (mainly Roman Catholic ones) from the terrain of the present Lubelskie voivodeship, forming the phenomenon from the 1st half of the 17th century called “Lublin architecture” or “Lublin Renaissance architecture”, which is a manifestation of both the economic importance of the region as well as the victory of the new Renaissance-Mannerist architectural style over Gothic.
Colonies and settlements constitute significant elements of the landscape and regional tradition of Upper Silesia. There are approximately 200 such complexes throughout the region, founded in Bytom, Chorzów, Gliwice, Ruda Śląska, and Katowice, among others.
To mid-19th century, Podlasie was almost exclusively built of wood. Also the Old Ritualists, who came in the second half of the 18th century from Russia to Podlaskie, built their artful houses of prayer from wood.
Welcome to the route leading through sacred pagan mountains, situated in the area of the mountain Łysa Góra - the most known of them. We present pre-Christian places of worship and rites and rituals of Slavs from a period before the formation and Christianisation of the Polish state.