Polish manor style stations near Warsaw
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
Polish manor style stations near Warsaw

collection

Polish manor style stations near Warsaw

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Polish manor style stations near Warsaw

After regaining independence in 1918, there was a need to integrate separate railway systems of all partitions, and to quickly rebuild the infrastructure deliberately destroyed during the war. In the face of a difficult post-war economic situation, some of the damaged buildings were repaired and some erected anew – most commonly using foundations or walls of the earlier ones. Among the architects of railway stations in the first years of existence of the independent Poland, the manor house style was particularly appreciated.

Railway stations with such stylistic features came into being, among other things, in Gdynia and Kresy (Slonim, Vawkavysk, Novoyelnya, Rozhanka, Bastuny). This trend met the criteria of familiarity and representativeness, required for buildings which were to serve as a showcase of Polish urban architecture. It constituted one of the proposals for the national style searched for at the turn of the 20th century. In was created on the basis of the model of a nobility manor house and inspired by the still-alive Classicist trend and historical architecture of the Polish Renaissance and Baroque, and was at the same time opened to modernist influences. The architecture of the railway stations included to the collection derives from a rich array of forms typical of the manor house style, such as: massive body, high Polish mansard roof or gablet roof covered with roof tiles or wood shingles, buttresses in the corners, corner extensions, colonnaded porticos, round arch arcades resting on little bulky columns, parapets with volutes, pronounced cornices, lesenes, and bright, smooth plasterwork. The buildings described above form an ensemble which is uniform in style and constitute part of a larger group of manor house railway stations built during the first stage of the post-war reconstruction, according to the designs of the section of architecture of the Railway Routes Division of the Warsaw Railway Directorate, under the direction of Bronisław Brochowicz-Rogoyski, and then Romuald Miller. These structures were built on the sites of railway stations of the former railway lines: Warsaw-Vienna line - included in the collection, Warsaw-Kalisz line – Teresin (non-existent), the Vistula line – Modlin, Warsaw-Terespol line - Biała Podlaska, Chotyłów, Terespol (non-existent) and the Warsaw-Saint Petersburg line – Zieleniec (non-existent).

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