Railway station, Radziwiłłów
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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A railway station in a manor style, erected to the design of architects working for the architectural section of the Road Department of the Warsaw Directorate, under the supervision of Bronisław Brochowicz-Rogoyski, followed by architect Romuald Miller, is an example of a high-class utility architecture of the inter-war period. It belongs to a group of similar buildings erected in place of railway facilities destroyed during World War I. The feature is distinctive for its functionality, while its historicising form and decoration reminiscent of numerous styles, from Renaissance to Classicism, expressed the quest and attempts at shaping the national style of then.

History

The station building in Radziwiłłów was erected in 1848 along with the first railway line in the area of the former Kingdom of Poland, the so-called Warsaw-Vienna Railway, under construction at that time. It was destroyed during World War I (only external walls remained in 1915). The currently functioning railway station was one of the similar features erected in the years 1918-1924 as part of the plan for the renovation of railway infrastructure after the wartime damages. The building was constructed in the first stage of works, in the years 1920-1922. The station survived World War II. In the years 2011-2012 the feature was subject to renovation.

Description

The railway station is located in the centre of the town, on the southern side of the Warsaw - Łódź line’s railway tracks. It is a masonry building set on a symmetric rectangular floor plan, with an avant-corps along the axis on the northern side and two annexes with connectors adjacent to shorter sides. The two-storey middle part, similarly as the one-storey side pavilions, elevated by a mezzanine storey, is covered with hip roofs. Lower connectors are covered with gable roofs. All roofs are topped with roof tiles. A pronounced cornice separating the storeys also has an individual roof. Lavish decoration of the building consists of historicising elements juxtaposed in an innovative way. The stylistics of railway stations built at that time was supposed to be “a visible sign of Polish spirit.” The form and decoration of the discussed building is reminiscent of a traditional image of a manor house belonging to nobility. Especially side pavilions bring about associations with corner extensions through pronounced buttresses on corners, elevated wall with semi-circular windows surmounting the cornice roof. Arrangement of the upper part of annexes arouses associations with a mansard Cracow roof. Some rectangular windows and door openings on the ground floor were placed in arcaded panels. In the middle part of longer façades of the two-storey body of the building, tall parapets with strapwork placed between plinths with decorative vases can be distinguished. The elements are reminiscent of architecture of the Renaissance and Mannerism period. A historicising decoration is complemented by pedestals with spheres, flanking stone footing on a tall plinth of the southern façade (made of yellow sandstone), oval windows and round panels on longer façades of the upper storey. The building represents a pass-through railway station. The main entrance is preceded by stairs made of pink sandstone and is located along the axis of the southern façade. Inside the building, there is a centrally located hall with a waiting room and ticket offices on the ground floor. Groin and barrel vaults draw attention in the interior, as well as a tile oven and wainscoting of lower parts of walls, similar to the one applied at the same time in a railway station in Modlin. Nearby, there is a luggage room, offices and a community facility, from which wooden benches currently located in the waiting room come from.

The feature is open to visitors.

Compiled by Małgorzata Laskowska-Adamowicz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Warsaw, 09-09-2015.

Bibliografia

  • Dudkowski M., Odbudowa dworców Kolei Warszawsko-Wiedeńskiej i linii Warszawsko-Kaliskiej po I wojnie światowej: Pruszków - Grodzisk Mazowiecki - Żyrardów - Radziwiłłów oraz Teresin/Szymanów, „Ochrona Zabytków” 2015, nr 1, s. 77-93.
  • Paszke A., Dworce kolejowe Drogi Żelaznej Warszawsko-Wiedeńskiej (I dystansu) w latach 1845-1912, [w:] Stawarz A. (red.) Gdy do Grodziska ruszył „parochód”… Grodzisk Mazowiecki 1990.
  • http://bazakolejowa.pl/index.php?dzial=stacje&id=2946&ed=&okno=galeria - dostęp 09-09-2015 r.

General information

  • Type: railway infrastructure
  • Chronology: 1920 - 1921
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Radziwiłłów
  • Location: Voivodeship mazowieckie, district żyrardowski, commune Puszcza Mariańska
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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