Railway station, Grodzisk Mazowiecki
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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A railway station in a manor style, erected to the design of architects working for the architectural section of the Road Department of the Warsaw Directorate, is an example of a high-class utility architecture of the inter-war period. It was the largest railway station constructed at that time along the Warsaw-Vienna line. The feature is distinctive for its functionality, while its historicising form and decoration - reminiscent of Classicism and Baroque - expressed the quest and attempts at shaping the national style of then.

History

The currently functional railway station in Grodzisk Mazowiecki was erected in the years 1920-1925 to the design of an outstanding architect Romuald Miller, cooperating with Bronisław Brochowicz-Rogoyski. It shares a lot of features with the railway station in Gdynia, built in the years 1923-1926 to Miller’s design as well. It was erected by use of walls of the former barracks station, to the north from the earlier railway station from around 1845. It was one of the many railway stations built in the years 1918-1924 as part of the plan for the renovation of infrastructure after damages of World War I. Around 1939 a platform shelter was added to the building in the north. The building survived World War II. In the 1990s it underwent a thorough renovation, during which floors and original window woodwork were replaced.

Description

The railway station is located in the centre of the town, on the southern side of the Warsaw - Łódź line’s railway tracks. It is a monumental brick building, plastered, set on an elongated rectangular plan with three avant-corps. It represents a pass-through railway station type. A diversified body consists of cubic component parts of a different height, covered with steep gable roofs and steep-pitched roofs on shorter edges. We can distinguish three one-storey parts of avant-corps crowned with triangular gables on the attic storey. A middle one, slightly lower and housing a representational main hall, is accentuated by a tower clad in sheet metal, stepped upwards. These three dominating component parts are braced with one-storey connectors with a tall usable attic and accentuated on the sides by slightly lower parts of different heights, also including an attic. The steep roof slopes covered with roof tiles include dormers. Longer façades are similarly decorated. The ornaments consist of historicising elements juxtaposed in an innovative way and simplified in accordance with the modernist spirit. An avant-corps on the side of the street includes a broad entrance to the hall and is much deeper. It is distinctive for its Classicist portico preceded by stairs, with two pairs of massive columns in the Giant Order, with Ionic capitals supporting a simple architrave with the name of the town and a narrow profiled cornice, upon which rests a triangular gable with a semi-circular window. A tall portico is accentuated on the sides by lower parts with oval windows. In the 1930s a shallow avant-corps on the side of tracks also had an analogous portico adorned with columns. It was probably built in 1939, when the platform shelter was added on the eastern side of the façade. The western part of the building, whose corners are adorned with pronounced buttresses, has been altered as well. Initially, it included archways with bulky, bow-shaped columns. They were walled up, thus forming arcaded panels with windows terminating in a segmental arch. Profiled surrounds decorate window and entrance openings - mainly rectangular or with semicircular arches, as well as round panels above the second storey of lateral avant-corps. Broken-ridge, triangular pediments over entrance openings as well as broken-ridge gables of avant-corps with a window placed in the cornice part represent a distinctive, repeated motif. The pediments include oval or semi-circular windows. The interior of the building includes a pass-through hall with ticket offices as well as utility facilities and apartments on upper storeys. A historicising diamond vault draws attention in the main hall, similarly as a cross vault in the vestibule.

The site is accessible to visitors.

Compiled by Małgorzata Laskowska-Adamowicz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Warsaw, 07-03-2016.

Bibliography

  • Karta Ewidencyjna Zabytku Architektury. Dworzec kolejowy (Grodzisk Mazowiecki), opr. M. Warchoł, 2005, Archiwum NID
  • Dudkowski M., Odbudowa dworców Kolei Warszawsko-Wiedeńskiej i linii Warszawsko-Kaliskiej po I wojnie światowej: Pruszków - Grodzisk Mazowiecki - Żyrardów - Radziwiłłów oraz Teresin/Szymanów, „Ochrona Zabytków”, 2015, nr 1, s. 77-93.

General information

  • Type: railway infrastructure
  • Chronology: 1920 - 1925
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: 1 Maja 4, Grodzisk Mazowiecki
  • Location: Voivodeship mazowieckie, district grodziski, commune Grodzisk Mazowiecki - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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