Tenement house with décor, currently a residential building, Zielona Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Tenement house with décor, currently a residential building

Zielona Góra

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The said building, erected in 1901, is located at the verge of the north-western frontage of M. Reja Street. The building is located within a dense, one-sided development. It has three storeys, high basements, and a diversified architectural detail. It shows Art Nouveau stylistic forms. The presented feature is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

The process of development of individual zones and streets of the suburbs of Zielona Góra began as early as in the 14th century. The growing town needed land for residential, commercial, and craft development. The area where the building is located evolved behind defensive walls quite late, only in the 19th century. Today’s Reja Street (Klietestrasse during German times) is marked as suitable for horse carriages and surrounded by pastures on the Büttner’s plan of 1864.

This area was a wetland - a stream feeding the Złota Łącza river was running there. The feature was also located next to an old moat that surrounded the town in the Middle Ages. Parts of today’s M. Reja Street were developed as far as the gardens of houses located at Wandy, Jedności and Kasprowicza Streets. M. Reja Street was demarcated in 1901, whereas construction works and laying of the pavement were completed in 1904. The street was regulated and plots of land were demarcated for future development. The existing buildings were shaped mainly in the early 20th century. Affluent residents of the city owned them. Newly established structures included mostly two- or three-storey tenement houses built in a convention of Historicism, as well as Art Nouveau and Modernism. Incomplete archival records on the tenement house described here have been preserved. Thanks to them we know that the design and construction permit for the tenement house was received in 1901 by the owner of the plot, Albert Krogelin. In May 1908, the building’s attic was extended. Two small windows in the roof were merged into a bigger one. Construction works were carried out independently by the building’s owner who was a building entrepreneur. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, the local government took over ownership of the building and since that time it has been used for residential purposes. In the years 1980s, the roof from the yard was re-designed, and part of the attic was adapted for residential premises. In 2013, owing to funds from the urban revitalisation programme, the external façade of the tenement house was renovated. No major alterations have been made to the structure. Minor changes involved alterations to the layout of the attic interior. At present, the building houses residential premises. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

The tenement house located on M. Reja Street is a building erected within dense one-sided development. The tenement house is located in the centre of Zielona Góra, west of the old town’s marketplace. The Reja Street is an extension of Moniuszki Street towards the north, functions as a small section between Jedności Street and Bohaterów Westerplatte Street. Mikołaja Reja Street is a part of the strict monument protection zone.

The building is located on a small plot of land and its front façade faces the street. It is built on a nearly square floor plan. It is made of brick; its walls are plastered on both sides. The three-storey building is partitioned with roofs. Its roof is of mansard type, clad in ceramic tiles. The building has a three-axial front façade. It has high basements underneath, and its ground floor is rusticated. The ground floor windows are rectangular and framed by surrounds with a wedge in the middle, and terminate in segmental arches. The first storey windows are framed by surrounds and feature triangular top sections filled with ornamentation. The corner extension has four axes and terminates in a bulbous roof divided in two. The décor of the side façade is similar to the front façade. The main entrance is located on the front façade's outermost axis and framed by a triangular portal. Part of the original window and door woodwork has been preserved. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes. The interior lacks architectural detail.

The tenement house is a monument owned by local government and private entities. Due to the fact that it houses residential premises, the building is not widely available to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014.

Bibliography

  • Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, pod red. Zdzisława Kaczmarczyka i Andrzeja Wędzkiego, Zielona Góra 1970
  • Stanisław Kowalski, Miasta Środkowego Nadodrza, Zbigniew Bujakiewicz, Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003
  • Zielona Góra, Przeszłość i teraźniejszość, pod red. M Szczanieckiego, Poznań 1962
  • Zabytki Zielonej Góry, pod red. B. Bielinis-Kopeć, Zielona Góra 2007
  • W. Janowska, Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004
  • Mirosław Kuleba, Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010
  • Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, tom I, pod red. Wojciecha Strzyżewskiego, Zielona Góra 2011
  • Biała Karta: Kamienica, ul. M. Reja 13, autor Konrad Chmieliński i Wojciech Eckert opracowanie z 1993 r., [w] archiwum LWKZ w Zielonej Górze.

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 1901
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Reja 13, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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