Tenement house, currently a residential and service building, Zielona Góra
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Tenement house, currently a residential and service building

Zielona Góra

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The said building, erected in 1904, is located at the verge of the south-eastern frontage of M. Reja Street. The building is located within a dense, one-sided development. It has three storeys, high basements, and a diversified architectural detail. It shows Art Nouveau stylistic forms. The presented feature is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

The process of development of individual zones and streets of the suburbs of Zielona Góra began as early as in the 14th century. The growing town needed land for residential, commercial, and craft development. The area where the building is located evolved behind defensive walls quite late, only in the 19th century. Today’s Reja Street (Klietestrasse during German times) is marked as suitable for horse carriages and surrounded by pastures on the Büttner’s plan of 1864.

This area was a wetland - a stream feeding the Złota Łącza river was running there. The feature was also located next to an old moat that surrounded the town in the Middle Ages. Parts of today’s M. Reja Street were developed as far as the gardens of houses located at Wandy, Jedności and Kasprowicza Streets. M. Reja Street was demarcated in 1901, whereas construction works and laying of the pavement were completed in 1904. The street was regulated and plots of land were demarcated for future development. The existing buildings were shaped mainly in the early 20th century. Affluent residents of the city owned them. Newly established structures included mostly two- or three-storey tenement houses built in a convention of Historicism, as well as Art Nouveau and Modernism.

Incomplete archival records on the tenement house described here have been preserved. Thanks to them we know that it was erected in 1904 for doctor Hentschel. The completed tenement house was accepted in 1905 by the Construction Police Office. In April 1924, small repairs were conducted inside the building and the façade was plastered again. The works were carried out under the direction of architect and stonemason Paul Richard Szulc. In 1936, stonemason Otto Melzer carried out another renovation of the tenement house. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, the local government took over ownership of the building and since that time it has been used for residential purposes. In 1980s the external façade was renovated and the building was dried up by means of electro-osmosis. In 2013, owing to funds from the urban revitalisation programme, the external façade of the tenement house was renovated. No major alterations have been made to the structure. At present, it houses utility and residential premises. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

The tenement house located on M. Reja Street is a building erected within dense one-sided development. The tenement house is located in the centre of Zielona Góra, west of the old town’s marketplace. The Reja Street is an extension of Moniuszki Street towards the north, functions as a small section between Jedności Street and Bohaterów Westerplatte Street. Mikołaja Reja Street is a part of the strict monument protection zone.

The building is located on a small plot of land and its front façade faces the street. It was erected on a rectangular floor plan. It is made of brick; its walls are plastered on both sides. It has three storeys and is topped with a gable roof covered with roof tiles. The front façade of the building is divided into three planes. The central plane extends over the entablature line and is topped with a triangular panel with a triple window; the whole is covered with a small gable roof. The roof gable is flanked by two dormers covered with skirt roofs. A basement extends under the whole building. The main entrance is located on the front façade's outermost axis and framed with a portal, topped with a triangular skirt roof. Under the roof over the entrance, there is a coat of arms cartouche enclosed with ornament. The plinth of the tenement house is rusticated. On the ground floor, there are triple windows enclosed in the upper section by an ornamental frieze shaped as segmental arch. On the second floor level, there are rectangular windows with an ornamental frieze in surrounds. Part of the original window and door woodwork has been preserved. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes. The interior lacks architectural detail.

The tenement house is a monument owned by local government and private entities. Due to the fact that it houses service and residential premises, the building is not widely available to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014.

Bibliography

  • Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, pod red. Zdzisława Kaczmarczyka i Andrzeja Wędzkiego, Zielona Góra 1970
  • Stanisław Kowalski, Miasta Środkowego Nadodrza, Zbigniew Bujakiewicz, Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003
  • Zielona Góra, Przeszłość i teraźniejszość, pod red. M Szczanieckiego, Poznań 1962
  • Zabytki Zielonej Góry, pod red. B. Bielinis-Kopeć, Zielona Góra 2007
  • W. Janowska, Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004
  • Mirosław Kuleba, Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010
  • Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, tom I, pod red. Wojciecha Strzyżewskiego, Zielona Góra 2011
  • Biała Karta: Kamienica, ul. M. Reja 10, autor Konrad Chmieliński i Wojciech Eckert opracowanie z 1993 r., [w] archiwum LWKZ w Zielonej Górze.

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: pocz. XX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Reja 10, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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