Tenement house with decor, currently a residential and service building, Zielona Góra
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Tenement house with decor, currently a residential and service building

Zielona Góra

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A tenement house, built in early 1900, is located on the edge of the north-western frontage of the Reja Street, in a dense, one-sided development. The four-storey building with an attic, with diversified architectural detail, bears stylistic features of Art Nouveau. The building is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

The process of development of individual zones and streets of the suburbs of Zielona Góra began as early as in the 14th century. The growing town needed land for residential, commercial and craft development. The area where the tenement house is located evolved behind defensive walls quite late, only in the 17th century. Today’s Reja Street (Klietestrasse during German times) is marked as suitable for horse carriages and surrounded by pastures on the Büttner’s plan of 1864. This area was a wetland - a stream feeding the Złota Łącza river was running there. The feature was also located next to an old moat that surrounded the town in the Middle Ages. Parts of today’s Reja Street were developed as far as the gardens of houses located at Wandy, Jedności and Kasprowicza streets. The Reja Street was demarcated in 1901, whereas construction works and laying of the pavement were completed in 1904. The street was regulated and plots of land were demarcated for future development. The erected development was shaped mainly in the early 20th century. Affluent residents of the city owned the buildings. Newly established structures included mostly two or three-storey tenement houses built in a convention of historicism as well as Art Nouveau and modernist ones.

No archival documentation concerning the tenement house on 3 Reja Street has survived. Neither do we know the exact date of construction, nor the name of designer or contractor. Most probably, the building was erected in the early 1900. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, the local government took over ownership of the tenement house and since that time it has been occupied for residential purposes. No major alterations have been made to the structure. Minor changes were applied to the ground floor functions and consisted in opening service premises in the northern part of the building. In 2013, owing to funds from the urban revitalisation programme, the external façade of the tenement house was renovated. Currently, it hosts service and residential units. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

The tenement house is located in the centre of Zielona Góra, west of the old town’s marketplace. It is a part of the compact development on one side of the street. The Reja Street is an extension of Moniuszki Street towards the north, functions as a small section between Jedności Street and Bohaterów Westerplatte Street and is located in the strict monument preservation zone.

The building is located on a small plot and its facade is facing the street. Is was built of brick on a plan roughly resembling a rectangle. Its walls are plastered on both sides. The building has four storeys and an attic; it is covered with a gable roof topped with ceramic tiles. Dormer windows in the roof plane are covered with crested roofs. The building has a six-axis facade. The front façade of the ground floor is enriched by an annex protruding before the building’s face. The annex is pierced by three rectangular windows with segmental arches, terminated with lavish window surrounds. Arches include fields with floral ornaments. A three-sided bay window with window openings is located on the first floor. Windows terminate in surrounds with a sharp arch. Panels under the windows - decorated with floral motifs - repeat along the entire facade. The building has a five-axis facade crowned with a corrugated gable which contains a centrally located window. Secondary entrances to service facilities are located in an annex to the front façade and the north façade. Entrance doors leading to flats are located centrally on the north façade. Original window and door woodwork has been preserved in the part of the building and the building’s body has survived in an original shape and without major transformations. The interior hosts an original wooden staircase with embossed balusters and carved posts.

The tenement house is a monument owned by the self-government and private entities. Due to the fact that it hosts service and residential units, the building is not widely available to the public.

Compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014 r.

Bibliography

  • Bujakiewicz Z., Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003, s. 82-85.
  • Garbacz K., Szlakiem zabytkowych miast, Zielona Góra 2005, s. 7-27.
  • Kochański P., Specyfika i znaczenie ulicy Reja w rozwoju przestrzennym Zielonej Góry w XX wieku, [w:] Biliński T. (red.), Renowacje budynków i modernizacja obszarów zabudowanych, t. 2, Zielona Góra 2006, s. 213-223.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki architektury województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2010, s. 423-433.
  • Kuleba M., Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010, s. 47-48.
  • Strzyżewski W. (red.), Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta w XIX i XX wieku, t. 2, Zielona Góra 2012, s. 93-99.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kamienica, ul. M. Reja 3, oprac. Chmieliński K., Eckert W., 1993, Archiwum Lubuskiego Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Zielonej Górze.

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 1900
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Reja 3, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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