Tenement house, currently a residential and service building, Zielona Góra
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Tenement house, currently a residential and service building

Zielona Góra

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The building was erected in 1900 on the edge of the eastern frontage of Mikołaja Reja Street. It is a free-standing structure with two-storeys, with diversified architectural detail and a basement under the entire building. It bears stylistic features of the Gothic Revival. The building is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

The process of development of individual zones and streets of the suburbs of Zielona Góra began as early as in the 14th century. The growing town needed land for residential, commercial and craft development. The area where the tenement house is located evolved behind defensive walls quite late, only in the 17th century. Today’s Reja Street (Klietestrasse during German times) is marked as suitable for horse carriages and surrounded by pastures on the Büttner’s plan of 1864. This area was a wetland - a stream feeding the Złota Łącza river was running there. The feature was also located next to an old moat that surrounded the town in the Middle Ages. Parts of today’s Reja Street were developed as far as the gardens of houses located at Wandy, Jedności and Kasprowicza streets. The Reja Street was demarcated in 1901, whereas construction works and laying of the pavement were completed in 1904. The street was regulated and plots of land were demarcated for future development. The erected development was shaped mainly in the early 20th century. Affluent residents of the city owned the buildings. Newly established structures included mostly two or three-storey tenement houses built in a convention of historicism as well as Art Nouveau and modernist ones.

Incomplete archival documentation informs us that the tenement house was built in 1900 for Gustav Heinrich on his private plot. In 1907 it was covered with plaster once again. Master builder Carl Muhle obtained a permit for plastering works from the Police Office. In October 1913 small repairs were conducted inside the building and the façade was plastered again. In September 1928 a teacher Reinhold Kneifert took over ownership of the building. In 1941 a water and sewage system was installed in the building and connected to the municipal network. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, the local government took over ownership of the tenement house and since that time it has been occupied for residential purposes. In 1980s the external façade was renovated and the building was dried up by means of electro-osmosis. No major alterations have been made to the structure. Currently, it hosts office and residential units. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

The tenement house located in Reja Street is a free-standing, corner structure. The tenement house is located in the centre of Zielona Góra, west of the old town’s marketplace. The Reja Street is an extension of Moniuszki Street towards the north, functions as a small section between Jedności Street and Bohaterów Westerplatte Street and is located in the strict monument preservation zone.

The building is located on a small plot and its facade is facing the street. It was built of brick on a floor plan which approximates the shape of a square. Its walls are covered with plaster on both sides. The two-storey, five-axis building with a usable attic is covered with a gable roof with roof ridges running parallel to the street. Its body is adorned with two pseudo-avant-corpses on a facade. Pseudo-avant-corpses in axis 1, 4 and 5 are crowned with triangular gables and covered with gable roofs. A basement extends under the whole building. The main entrance is located on the south façade; brick, half landing internal stairs lead to the entrance; they terminate in pillars supporting a balcony with an ornamented balustrade on the first floor. Facades are pierced by rectangular window openings with arches, terminating in lavish window surrounds. The building’s façade is enriched with, among others, a frieze with floral ornaments and cornices below and above windows. Part of the original window and door woodwork has been preserved. The feature’s body has also survived in its original shape, without major transformations, similarly as an internal staircase with wooden, embossed balusters and decorative posts as well as fragments of a ceramic floor.

The tenement house is a monument owned by the self-government and private entities. Due to the fact that it hosts office and residential units, the building is not widely available to the public.

Compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014 r.

Bibliography

  • Bujakiewicz Z., Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003, s. 82-85.
  • Garbacz K., Szlakiem zabytkowych miast, Zielona Góra 2005, s. 7-27.
  • Kochański P., Specyfika i znaczenie ulicy Reja w rozwoju przestrzennym Zielonej Góry w XX wieku, [w:] Biliński T. (red.), Renowacje budynków i modernizacja obszarów zabudowanych, t. 2, Zielona Góra 2006, s. 213-223.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki architektury województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2010, s. 423-433.
  • Kuleba M., Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010, s. 47-48.
  • Strzyżewski W. (red.), Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta w XIX i XX wieku, t. 2,  Zielona Góra 2012, s. 93-99.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kamienica, ul. M. Reja 2, oprac. Chmieliński K., Eckert W.,1993, Archiwum Lubuskiego Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Zielonej Górze.

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 1900 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Reja 2, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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