Tenement house, Zielona Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The structure is an example of a tenement house with a lavish architectural decor and is an important element in the spatial layout of the city.

History

The process of development of individual zones and streets of the suburbs of Zielona Góra began as early as in the 14th century. The growing town needed land for residential, commercial and craft development. The area where the tenement house is located has evolved behind defensive walls quiet late, only in the 17th century. This suburban area, known as the ‘Lower’ (‘Dolny’), is visible on the map dating from 1784. The map shows the current al. Niepodległości, which was an unpaved road intersecting fields and public gardens at that time. Only when Zielona Góra was connected to a railway line in 1871, the road was regulated and plots of land were demarcated for future development, which was shaped mainly in the late 19th century and the early 1970s. No archival records on the tenement house exist; therefore, the exact date of construction of the building and the name of its designer or contractor employed to build it are unknown. The building was probably erected in the late 19th century. Before World War II it was the seat of the Railway Post Office and during the war it served as a hospital. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, by 1956 the building was the seat of the Provincial Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party, later it was adapted for use for residential purposes. During the 1950s the building underwent complete renovation. Minor changes involved alterations to the disposition of the interior, limited to a few rooms. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city. The tenement house was erected in the eclectic convention and combines Neoclassical and Neo-Baroque elements.

Description

The building is free-standing and is located in the north-eastern part of the city, on the outskirts of the old town, in Niepodległości Avenue, on a small plot of land. A strip of grass and a pavement is in front of the facade, and to the rear there is a small yard with an earthen surface. The tenement house was built on an elongated rectangular floor plant and has two storeys and a high basement. The central part of the wall of the facade features a shallow two-axis avant-corps crowned with a triangular gable. The main roof is flat; the rest of the building is covered with a gable roof with a slight pitch. The structure is built of brick. The building’s walls are covered with plaster on both sides. The main entrance is located in the west-facing facade, with external brick half-turn stairs framed by a brick balustrade. The main door is situated in a rectangular opening flanked by a pair of Corinthian pilasters. The window openings are rectangular in shape, vary in size, and are treated on an individual basis on each facade. The facades of the building feature architectural detail in the form of string courses and eave cornices, pediments surmounting the windows, rustication, friezes and gable decorations. Most of the original window and door woodwork has been preserved. The ground floor of the staircase features the original ceramic floor.

Limited access to the monument.

Compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014 r.

Bibliography

  • B. Bielinis-Kopeć (red.), Zabytki Zielonej Góry, Zielona Góra 2007.
  • Bujakiewicz Z., Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003.
  • Janowska W., Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004.
  • Kaczmarczyk Z., Wędzki A. (red.), Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, Zielona Góra 1970.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki Środkowego Nadodrza, Zielona Góra 1976.
  • Strzyżewski Wojciech (red.), Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, t. 1, Zielona Góra 2011.

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: koniec XIX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: al. Niepodległości 35, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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