Tenement house, Zielona Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The structure is an example of a tenement house with varied architectural detail and is an important element in the spatial layout of the city.

History

The process of development of individual zones and streets of the suburbs of Zielona Góra began as early as in the 14th century. The growing town needed land for residential, commercial and craft development. The area where the tenement house is located has evolved behind defensive walls quiet late, only in the 17th century. This suburban area, known as the ‘Lower’ (‘Dolny’), is visible on the map dating from 1784. The map shows the current al. Niepodległości, which was an unpaved road intersecting fields and public gardens at that time. Only when Zielona Góra was connected to a railway line in 1871, the road was regulated and plots of land were demarcated for future development, which was shaped mainly in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. Incomplete archival records on the tenement house have been preserved. The records suggest that the building was erected according to a design by Carl Lorenz, master builder from Zielona Góra, in 1910. The building was owned by the Christian Community represented by Paul Winkler, who on 18 February 1910 applied to the Municipal Building Inspection for permission to erect a building, later also a masonry fence facing the street. A building permit for the construction of the tenement house was issued on 24 March 1910. In 1911, District Medical Officer Meyer issued a positive sanitary opinion on the building. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the tenement house. Since the end of the war the building has been used for residential purposes. In 1962, the roof cladding was replaced and new central heating was installed. In the 1960s The building’s façades underwent renovation. In the 1990s the roof cladding was replaced again and the roof truss underwent maintenance. In 2001 the end walls were renovated. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes. Minor alterations involved loggia glazing on the rear facade and demolition of the fence facing the street and plinth clad with stone. The tenement house was built in the Art Nouveau style. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

The building is free-standing with its facade facing the street and is located in the north-eastern part of the city, on the outskirts of the old town, in Niepodległości Avenue, on a small plot of land. A pavement is in front of the facade, and to the rear there are single-storey utility buildings and a small yard with an earthen surface. The tenement house was built of brick on a rectangular floor plan. It has four storeys with a lot which is currently not in use and a high basement. The building’s walls are covered with plaster on both sides. The building is covered with a gable roof with roof surfaces sloping at unequal angles. The facade in the central portion of the wall features the main entrance flanked by two single-axis avant-corps with wider windows, with loggias between them on the first and second floor level; the third floor features a balcony. Avant-corps crowned with a corrugated gable. The window openings are rectangular in shape, vary in size, and are treated on an individual basis on each facade. The facades of the building feature architectural detail in the form of a crowning cornice, loggia balustrade, pediment surmounting the windows, friezes and gable decorations. Most of the original window and door woodwork has been preserved. The vestibule features the original four-colour ceramic floor. Two tiled ovens in the Art Nouveau style have been preserved at two dwellings.

Limited access to the monument. Privately owned.

Compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 08-07-2014 r.

Bibliography

  • B. Bielinis-Kopeć (red.), Zabytki Zielonej Góry, Zielona Góra 2007.
  • Bujakiewicz Z., Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003.
  • Janowska W., Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004.
  • Kaczmarczyk Z., Wędzki A. (red.), Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, Zielona Góra 1970.
  • Kowalski S., Zabytki Środkowego Nadodrza, Zielona Góra 1976.
  • Strzyżewski Wojciech (red.), Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, t. 1, Zielona Góra 2011.

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 1910 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: al. Niepodległości 33, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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