Tenement house, Trzebiatów
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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One of the few surviving gablefront tenement houses from the Baroque period in Western Pomerania, forming part of the market square frontage in the town of Trzebiatów.

History

The town of Trzebiatów was originally chartered according to Lübeck law in 1277 by Barnim I, the duke of Pomerania. Shortly thereafter, the street grid was drawn up, centred around a square-shaped market place in the middle. Different plots of land were also designated so that the construction of new houses could begin. Lot no. 28, located along the Market Square, is one of those original, medieval parcels of land. The very first masonry townhouse is believed to have been erected here back in the 15th century, its walls still discernible on the basement level of the existing tenement house. During the first half of the 18th century - or perhaps in the middle of the same century - this old tenement house underwent a comprehensive redesign. At that point, the townhouse was accompanied by a short outbuilding located on the left side of the yard. In the mid-19th century or in the third quarter thereof, the front façade décor was changed, as were the forms of the window surrounds. The basement level received new, vaulted ceilings, while later on, in the late 19th or early 20th century, the ground floor level was converted to accommodate a store, restaurant or café, with a large shop window up front. On a number of postwar pictures there is a sign on the front façade which reads “Havanahaus”, which may have been the name of a restaurant or shop (e.g. tobacco store). During the postwar period, the ground floor section of the building served as a hair salon. An inventory drawn up in 1966 shows that the entire ground floor was taken up by this establishment; in addition, there was also a narrow, transverse hallway on the right, leading into the staircase in the back building. The technical condition of the building is known to have been very poor at the time, with the wooden ceilings and roof truss all partially rotten and structurally weakened. In 1969, the building was abandoned. The interior partition walls were torn down, as were the ceilings above the first floor and attic. In years 1973-1974, the entire building underwent a comprehensive restoration. The back building was demolished along with the staircase leading to the first floor and the basement level; the new staircase was constructed inside the neighbouring tenement house no. 29, serving both of the buildings. The house also received new partition walls and ceilings. The first-floor and attic rooms now served residential purposes, while the former ground-floor hallway was adapted to serve as the “Ruch” newsagent's shop. Today, the main ground-floor premises serve as a hair and nail salon, while the former hallway now houses an establishment offering shoe repairs and key cutting.

Description

Tenement house no. 28 forms part of the south-eastern frontage of the Market Square in Trzebiatów. The building’s front façade faces the north-west. Behind the townhouse lies the yard shared by all the buildings in this block, accessible from Wodna street which runs perpendicularly towards the Market Square. The tenement house was designed on a roughly rectangular floor plan, its shorter sides facing the market square and the yard behind the building. The back building which had once accompanied the main townhouse was demolished in the 1970s. The gablefront tenement house is a two-storey structure with a basement and attic, covered with a gable roof. It is a brick structure, its walls covered with plaster. The roofs are clad with beaver-tail roof tiles. The walls of the basement level are made of brick and date back to the Gothic era. The basement level features vaulted ceilings resting upon segmental arches, while the ground floor and first floor ceilings are made of ceramic bricks supported by steel girders. The front façade of the tenement house follows a four-axial layout, with the entrance located on the first axis from the right (the south-western axis); the façade is divided by cornices which run at the level of the first-floor window sills, at the base of the gable as well as in the middle thereof. The gable itself features a convexo-concave, corniced coping with a semi-circular top section. The windows of the first-floor and attic levels are framed with window surrounds with corniced architraves; the windows on the attic level are positioned in the lower section of the gable, separated from the rest of the façade by cornices and Tuscan pilasters. The upper section of the gable is pierced with a small oculus surmounted by a decorative flourish in the form of a crescent. The rear façade follows a four-axial layout with a single window in the gable, its appearance being the result of the renovation works carried out in the 1970s. The interior of the tenement house, with the bipartite premises occupied by a hair salon and the former hallway on the left (in the south-western part of the ground floor level) no longer features a staircase, which was removed during the 1970s; the upper storeys are currently accessible through a staircase located in the neighbouring house no. 29.

The building can be viewed from the outside. The interiors are devoid of period features with the exception of the basement level; they can be explored upon arrangement with the residents of the building.

compiled by Maciej Słomiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Szczecin, 15-03-2017.

Bibliography

  • Kamienice w Rynku w Trzebiatowie pow. Gryfice, woj. szczecińskie, prepared by Z. Radacki, Szczecin 1959, p. 4, fig. 40
  • Trzebiatów, pow. Gryfice, woj. szczecińskie, studium historyczno-urbanistyczne do planu zagospodarowania przestrzennego, prepared by Z. Radacki, Szczecin 1963
  • Architectural monument record sheet, compiled by K. Konopka, 1996, typescript available at the Regional Monuments Protection Office in Szczecin

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 1. poł. XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Rynek 28, Trzebiatów
  • Location: Voivodeship zachodniopomorskie, district gryficki, commune Trzebiatów - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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