Parish church of St Jadwiga of Silesia, Milanówek
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Parish church of St Jadwiga of Silesia

Milanówek

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The establishment of a church in Milanówek is directly related to the development of this suburban summer resort in the early 20th century. It is an example of a temple with Romanesque Revival and Gothic Revival features in Mazovia.

History

The initiative of building a church in Milanówek was undertaken by residents of the summer resort, which from 1899, after the partitioning of the Lasocki family’s estate, rapidly gained in population settling in newly erected villas and pensions. The popularity of Milanówek was triggered by its location at the Warsaw-Vienna railway and the construction of a station in 1901. In the years 1903-1904 the social collection of funds for the construction of the church began, while in 1907 members of the “Lasocki i S-ka” company relinquished the parcel to this end. A wooden shrine with an altarpiece was erected on this parcel. In the years 1910-1912 a brick, one-nave church with a tower was built to the design of Tadeusz Okuń (Okoń) of 1908. The temple belonged to a parish in Żuków until 1928, when Aleksander Kakowski, a metropolitan bishop of Warsaw, founded a separate parish of St Jadwiga of Silesia in Milanówek. This dedication was supposed to commemorate namesakes of the saint - a wife and a late daughter of the owner of Milanówek estates. In the years 1944-1945 a Metropolitan Curia had its seat in the parish, while an urn with the heart of Frederic Chopin was stored in the nearby rectory. The urn was taken away from the Holy Cross Church during the Warsaw Uprising. In the years 1946-1949 it was decided to expand the temple to the design of Stanisław Leszczyński. Two naves, a transept and a chancel were added. The interior was decorated with wall paintings created by Zygmunt Wieniawa-Narkiewicz. They were covered in 1971. In 1951 a tower was elevated. The church was consecrated by cardinal Stefan Wyszyński in 1957. The building was renovated in 1961 and in the years 1990-1997.

Description

The church is located in the centre of the town, on the northern side of the railway tracks of the former Warsaw-Vienna line, on a small parcel at the intersection of Kościuszki, Kościelna and Queen Jadwiga Streets. The building is made of brick, plastered and with visible stone detail. After the expansion it received a form of a three-nave basilica with a transept, designed on a Latin cross floor plan, including a chancel with a semi-hexagonal termination, accentuated by chapels on the sides. A tall tower from 1912, set on a square plan, projects over the front façade from the west. A diversified body of the church is crowned with gable and pent roofs clad with roof tiles and sheet metal, with a steeple at the intersection of naves. The slender front façade of the church, facing a southern corner of the parcel, has preserved its appearance from the first stage of church construction. Romanesque Revival and Gothic Revival elements prevail in its decor. A three-arcaded, roofed archway over portals, resting on twisted columns and faced with crude stone blocks, draws attention on the ground floor. Beyond, there is a triforium in a semi-circular panel decorated with stone detail. A front façade terminating in a triangle and accentuated on the sides by simplified pinnacles is adorned with an arcaded frieze with narrow windows in the upper part. The analogous arrangement was repeated on the transept façades. A monumental tower at the front façade has a similar repertoire of decorative forms. The appearance of its upper, wider part refers to elements of medieval defensive architecture - the so-called machicolations, that is, a type of a porch resting on corbels and equipped with narrow apertures. Beyond, there is a polygonal storey crowned with a spire, added much later. Decoration of the remaining façades include buttresses, stone detail of the ground floor and window arches, semi-circular door and window openings of different size. The rhythm of internal partitions is gained owing to arcades resting on polygonal pillars and semi-pillars with simplified bases and capitals. The most valuable component part of the temple’s fittings is a painting from the second half of the 19th century created by Wojciech Gerson, located in the right arm of the transept. It represents the Virgin Mary with the Child. Initially, it was situated in the main altar of the church.

The site is open to visitors.

Compiled by Małgorzata Laskowska-Adamowicz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Warsaw, 16-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • [b. aut]Album fotograficzny Letnisko Milanówek 1899-1951, Milanówek 2006, s. 58-66.
  • [b. aut]Architektura Milanówka w rysunkach Katarzyny Chrudzimskiej, [b.m.w.] 1997, s. 10-11.
  • Smoleń M., Milanówek w dokumencie i fotografii, Milanówek 2008, s. 20-23.
  • Wesołowska H., Spacer po Milanówku 1,Milanówek 1995, s. 54-56.
  • Żuławska Z., Milanówek 1899-1939, [b.m.w.] 1999, s.18-20
  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, t. X: Województwo warszawskie, z. 4: Powiat grodzisko-mazowiecki, oprac. Galicka Izabella, Sygietyńska Hanna i Dariusz Kaczmarzyk, 1967, s. 22.
  • Karta ewidencyjna, Kościół parafialny p.w. św. Jadwigi, oprac. Szczepaniak Roman, Milanówek 2001, Archiwum NID
  • http://milanowekswjadwiga.pl/article,30,.html - dostęp 15-10-2014 r.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: 1910-1912
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Kościuszki 41, Milanówek
  • Location: Voivodeship mazowieckie, district grodziski, commune Milanówek
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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