Manor house Rydlówka, currently the Young Poland Museum, Kraków
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Manor house Rydlówka, currently the Young Poland Museum

Kraków

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A wooden manor house in Bronowice near Cracow, from the end of the 19th century, in which the wedding of Lucjan Rydel with Jadwiga Mikołaczyk (described in “Wesele” by Stanisław Wyspiański) took place. It is connected with the works of the Young Poland movement.

History

The village of Bronowice Małe, located 5 km to the north-west from the centre of Cracow, currently a part of the city, was established in 1294 under Magdeburg law by Reinhold, parish priest of the church of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Cracow. The village was included in the endowment of the church of the Blessed Virgin Mary until the subdivision into parcels in 1883. The manor house “Rydlówka” was founded in 1894 by the painter and poet Włodzimierz Tetmajer (1861-1923), brother of the poet Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer. Włodzimierz Tetmajer had lived in Bronowice since 1890. He married Anna Mikołajczykówna, daughter of a land owner from Bronowice. The house was built in a separated part of the property of Jacek Mikołaczyk, father of Anna Tetmajer. It was built by local builders and originally was a single-storey wooden building based on a log structure, covered with a thatched roof, with basements underneath some of its sections, a hallway running across the building along the axis, two pairs of rooms on the sides, with kitchen and the so-called “dance” room from the north, and from the south with a corner extension and the so-called “wedding” room. From the east, on the axis of the façade, there was a wooden porch. The manor house looked as described above in the end of the 19th century. A frequent guest of Włodzimierz Tetmajer in Bronowice was poet Lucjan Rydel, who decided to marry a sister of Anna Tetmajer, Jadwiga Mikołaczyk. On 20 November 1900, the famous wedding of Rydel with Jadwiga took place in the house of Tetmajer, described by Stanisław Wyspiański. In 1902, Włodzimierz Tetmajer bought a former Franciscan manor house located in the vicinity of the previous manor house. The house of Wesele was abandoned. Tetmajer allowed his friends to use it. Painter Henryk Uziembło with his family, as well as Jan Skotnicki, lived there for nearly a year. Seeking for a buyer, Tetmajer offered the manor house to Lucjan Rydel who bought it in 1908. The conversion of the house, according to a design by F. Pokutyński, was ended in 1912. On the left, a common room with a storey housing a library and a studio was added. The roof was covered with tiles. In 1914, after the outbreak of World War I, the Rydel family had to leave the manor house, which was taken over by Austrian officers. The family came back to Rydlówka in 1915. In 1918, Lucjan Rydel died, leaving the manor house in the hands of his family. In 1932, due to moisture damaging the wooden arcades from the west, at the request of the owner, Helena Rydel, its balustrade made of boards with carved folk motifs was removed, and some sections of the foundations were bricked in the old part of the building. In 1947, Helena Rydel rented her father’s studio; it was to be used as a parish library and common room. In 1957, on the 50th anniversary of death of Stanisław Wyspiański, a ceremony devoted to the author of Wesele was held in the house. In 1968, there was a fire in the manor house - external walls caught fire from the chimney, and water used to extinguish the fire caused further damages. In 1969, Helena Rydel and her daughter Anna entered into an agreement with the Polish Tourist and Sightseeing Society (PTTK) to create the Regional Young Poland Museum “Rydlówka” in the manor house. The museum was officially opened on 20 November 1969, on the anniversary of the Lucjan Rydel’s wedding. In the years 1985-1989, a full-scale renovation of the building was conducted. The manor house has remained a property of the Rydel family.

Description

It is located on the southern slope of a hill, facing the road with the southern (gable) façade. The first building was built on a rectangular floor plan. It had one storey, basements in the north-western section, and was covered with a gable roof. The wing adjoining it from the north was built on a rectangular floor plan, and covered with an abutment-half hip roof with the ridge perpendicular to the axis of the old part of the building. The interior layout of the older part is axial, based on the pattern of two pairs of rooms on both sides of a go-through hallway, partially distorted by the conversion in 1912. In the attic area, there are two summer residential rooms - from the south and from the east. The older part of the building has a wooden log structure and is plastered. The wing adjoining it from the north is made of brick and plastered. The roofs are covered with roof tiles. The southern façade has three axes. At the ground floor level, there are two avant-corps with tripartite, rectangular windows, joined by a common gable roof with a hip end, laid with roof tiles and resting on wooden, profiled brackets, which form a niche on the axis in which, on the sides, there are stone benches. The western façade in the older part of the building has three axes and is preceded by arcades, with a triangular gable supported by four wooden, decorated pillars. The northern part of the arcades is bricked and creates a cell with a tripartite window, with segmental arch in the top section. The eastern façade in the older part has three axes, with a porch supported by two wooden pillars and a wooden balustrade; over the porch, there is a small first floor room with a triangular gable. The newer part, which is the gable wall of the side wing, is slightly advanced in relation to the façade, and has one axis. The northern façade in the western section features three arcades, with an entrance on the axis. Above the, eaves there is a one-axis wall dormer. The ceilings in the rooms of the ground floor are wooden, with chamfered beams. On the roof beams in the front suite of rooms, there are inscriptions on the walls:

PRAY FOR US, QUEEN OF POLISH CROWN

PRAISED BE A.D. MDCCCLXLVI FOR EVER AND EVER JESUS OUR LORD

The museum premises include the older part of Rydlówka, hallway, and three rooms: “dance” room and “wedding” room, and the corner extension.

The manor house is surrounded by a garden. Its souther part is situated on the slope of a stream valley, and its northern part and fields are located on a flat hill top. The garden is crossed by a road running along the western border; in front of the house, it passes by a porte-cochère with a round decorative lawn, and - in the form of a birch avenue, runs further to the shrine in the north-west corner of the garden. The garden is of crop and decorative type. It comprises fruit trees and old-growth trees with single separated specimens (elm, lime). The manor house is surrounded by shrubs: lilacs, snowberries, Cornelian cherries, jasmine, forsythia. About his first home in Bronowice, Włodzimierz Tetmajer wrote:

“Let my silent home shine, under a wooden porch

My country white manor house, in an orchard of old trees!

In the garden, fragrant with mint and camille!

From every wall, wind of another time blows here!

I built it for my children - grew in one myself,

falling asleep to the song of the old ancestors!

In such home we was taught to love with our whole heart

the people who long ago were buried in earth”.

The building is accessible during the opening hours of the Museum.

compiled by Olga Dyba, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Krakow, 29-07-2014.

Bibliography

  • Dyba O., Bronowice - wokół tradycji. „Spotkania z zabytkami” 2000, nr 8.
  • Dyba O., Gaczoł A., Dwory. Wyd. Kluszczyński, Kraków 2004.
  • Waltoś S., Rydlówka - Muzeum Młodej Polski. Przewodnik. Kraków 1981.
  • Waltoś S., Krajobraz „Wesela”. Kraków 1992.
  • Dwór polski - zjawisko historyczne i kulturowe. Materiały z VI seminarium zorganizowanego przez SHS Oddz. kielecki. Warszawa 2002.
  • Omilanowska M., Polska. Pałace i dwory. Warszawa 2005.

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 1894 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Tetmajera 28, Kraków
  • Location: Voivodeship małopolskie, district Kraków, commune Kraków
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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