Tenement house of the Kosterski family, Kielce
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Tenement house of the Kosterski family

Kielce

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Example of the development of the buildings in the market square in the 19th century, using the merging method and older buildings located on four properties (the oldest ownership divisions are reminiscent of the original ones related to the location of the city); vaulted interiors from the 18th century, ballroom décor, staircase, and classical façades from the 2nd half of the 19th century are of architectural value.

History

Almost square property on the northern frontage of the chartered market square was created as a result of the merger of four narrow plots of land, marked with numbers on the regulatory plan of Kielce dated 1823. At that time it was occupied by two masonry houses facing the market square, mentioned in the records from the second half of the 18th century, of which the west multi-storey house was preceded by arcades.

All the masonry buildings owned by Jan Mozalski formed three wings around a small courtyard, with the back outbuilding was located along the current Orla Street. In the 1830s, after the current Warszawska Street was built, the property was situated at a corner. This made it possible to form a front one-storey wing facing the new street. Since 1841, the property belonged to the Smoleński family. Before 1847, the arcades were demolished and the buildings adjacent to the market square were merged into one architectural whole. In 1866, some of the rooms were rented for use as an Orthodox church, regimental office and military sewing rooms. In 1883, the property was sold up to the Kosterski family. Around 1889, the tenement house was rebuilt after a fire, changing the appearance of the façade facing the market square (Ionic pilaster capitals were replaced with the current ones; roof parapets above pseudo-avant-corps were removed; arcaded entrance gate was changed into a rectangular one).

In the early 20th century, part of the building was used by the Merchants’ Club, since 1904 by Maria Krzyżanowska, and between 1909 and 1914 the building housed an industrial and technical school of Engineer Zygmunt Kosterski.

In 1945-1971, some of the rooms were occupied by the Świętokrzyskie Museum, which renovated and adapted them, and by 2006 also by the Provincial Library. Since 1954 the ground floor has housed a delicatessen. Repair and renovation work carried out in stages from 2006 revealed a stone eighteenth-century gate portal surrounded by chambranle.

Description

The buildings on the entire property situated in the market square, by the junction with Warszawska Street include three masonry structures that function as a whole in terms of access routes: multi-storey corner tenement house adjacent to the market square and in Warszawska Street (Rynek 5), adjacent slightly lower building on the corner of Orla Street (1 Warszawska Street), and three-storeyed outbuilding with a front façade facing Orla Street (1 Orla Street). They are grouped around an inner courtyard, which can be accessed via two entry gates from the Market Square and Orla Street. The corner tenement house adjacent to the market square was built on an L-shaped floor plan, with a chamfered corner and pass-through gate from the Market Square. Its multi-axial front façades were made uniform and rusticated. Their central and corner parts were accentuated by pseudo-avant-corps braced by pilasters in giant order.

The interior layout has been greatly modified. The western part and the adjacent gate feature visible remains of the former tenement house with arcades, marked on the plan dated 1823, which was also created as a result of the merger of two older structures, i.e., front tenement houses and the adjacent outbuildings, which is evident in the interior layout, vaults of the basements, ground floor and gate. The eastern part on the first floor features corner rooms adapted for use as a grand ballroom with a décor designed in the classicist style. To the north, it adjoins a large staircase with cast iron stairs and preserved original door joiner.

Limited. The structure can be viewed from the outside. The commercial part is open to visitors.

compiled by Anna Adamczyk, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Kielce, 14-12-2014.

Bibliography

  • National Archives in Kielce, files of the Insurance Directorate, ref. no. 133, pp. 129-160, Opis z 1847 r.
  • Adamczyk J. L., Przewodnik po zabytkach architektury i budownictwa Kielc, Kielce 1998, p. 52.
  • Adamczyk J. L., Rynek w Kielcach. Przekształcenia przestrzenne i zabudowa mieszczańska Kielc lokacyjnych w XVII-XIX wieku, Kielce 1993, pp. 34-35, 79-82, fig. 73-74.
  • Adamczyk J. L., Wróbel T., Portrety zabytków Kielc, Kielce 2004, p. 24.
  • Urbański K., Miklaszewska H., Sentymentalne Kielce, Kielce 2004, fig. pp. 18 and 51.
  • Wrońska-Gorzkowska R., Gorzkowski E., Album Kielecki. Starówka, Part I, Kielce 1996, pp. 29-30.

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 1823 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Rynek 5, Kielce
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district Kielce, commune Kielce
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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