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Octogonal cruciform churches by P.A.Fontana - Zabytek.pl

Octogonal cruciform churches by P.A.Fontana

A small but important collection is comprised of four Late Baroque churches by Paolo Antonio Fontana. They are characterized by a specific layout with a central nave shaped as an elongated octagon with four arms and a low gallery between them.

A relatively small group of four (formerly five) Late Baroque churches, called “Lubartów churches” or “Fontana churches” after the name of their creator, Italian architect Paolo Antonio Fontana – constitute an important contribution to the development of architecture in the area of today’s Lublin region, as well as Polish architecture of the 18th century. The unique characteristics of these churches consist in the consistent use, by one architect, of a main, considerably sophisticated church plan and a spatial layout resulting from it, along with a body in a couple of development versions, designed within a period of approx. 20 years (1733–1753), which is a fairly rare phenomenon in the Polish sacred architecture.