Palace, Żyrowa
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The palace in Żyrowa is one of the biggest Early Baroque buildings in the Opole region.

History

In the years 1447-1629, Żyrowa was owned by the Żyrowski family. The estate was donated to them by emperor Frederick III as a sign of recognition of their achievements in the war against the Turks. Jerzy Żyrowski, who converted to Protestantism, was sentenced for participation in the Battle of White Mountain (1620), and his property was confiscated and sold. The next owner was count Melchior Ferdynand von Gaschin. In 1631, he purchased the estate in Żyrowa and commenced the extension of the residence. The works were completed in 1644 (the coat of arms in the eastern façade of the main wing). In 1781, the palace was renovated and re-designed. At that time, the hip roof was replaced with a mansard roof, sgraffito decorations were covered with plasterwork, and a cloister was added to the southern wing. From that time, some buildings of the manor farm yard originate.

In the second half of the 19th century, the estate was owned subsequently by: Fryderyk Karol von Hatzfeld-Schoenstein, August von Nostitz, von Goedecke brothers, and Edward Guradze. In 1899, the palace was bought by count Johann von Francken-Siestorpf who in the early 20th century ordered a full-scale renovation of the palace. In approx. 1928, a water garden was created to the west from the building. The last owner of the estate was Edwin hrabia von Francken-Sierstorpf.

During World War II, the palace was used as a hospital for soldiers. Today, the site remains in private hands.

Description

The palace is located in the northern part of the village, amidst an extensive, 19th-century park. To the north-east of the palace, there is a church of St Nicholas.

The building was erected on a quadrilateral floor plan with an internal year and an elongated southern wing. In the south-western corner and in the middle of the southern façade there are two octagonal towers, incorporated in the wall. The palace building is diversified in terms of the height of individual sections. The three-storey corps de logis is covered with a mansard roof. The other, two-storey wings are topped with gable roofs with eyebrow dormers. The four-storey, octagonal towers are topped with bulbous tented roofs with lanterns. Between the towers, on the axis of the façade, there is a driveway topped with a quadrangular tower, also covered with a tented roof with a lantern. In the eastern part of the southern wing, there is a cylindrical tower covered with a conical roof.

The palace is made of brick and stone, with plastered façades articulated with rectangular window openings in surrounds. From the yard, the façades of the southern, eastern, and western wings are articulated with cloisters. The façades of the corps de logis are covered with decoration in the form of arcades with basket-handle arches in which there are window niches and below, there is an openwork frieze in the form of a balustrade.

The interiors of individual wings (except for the eastern one, which is screened) feature a two-bay layout. The original décor of the palace has been partially preserved, including decorative plasterwork in some rooms and architectural décor of the façades.

Limited access to the monument.

compiled by Aleksandra Ziółkowska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Opole, 10-12-2015.

Bibliography

  • Banik J., Rody opolskie, Żyrardów 2005.
  • Chrzanowski T., Kornecki M., Sztuka Śląska Opolskiego. Od średniowiecza do końca w. XIX, Kraków 1974, s. 233-235
  • Gaworski M., Atrakcje Euroregionu Pradziad. Zamki i Pałace, Prudnik 2009, s. 90-91.
  • Molak E., Racławicki I., Zapomniane zabytki. Dwory i pałace wiejskie południowej Polski. Śląsk Opolski, t. 2 , Opole 2011, s. 316-327.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury, Pałac, Żyrowa, oprac. Żurakowski W., 2005, Archiwum Narodowego Instytutu Dziedzictwa w Opolu.

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1631 - 1644
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Korfantego 5, Żyrowa
  • Location: Voivodeship opolskie, district krapkowicki, commune Zdzieszowice - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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