Town hall, Zielona Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The town hall, built the second half of the 15th century, is located in the central part of Stary Rynek Street. It is a free-standing building in a Gothic style. It was converted a couple of times. The building is diversified in shape and features a high tower on the north-eastern side. It has basements underneath, and lavish architectural detail. The presented feature is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

Stary Rynek Street (German: Ring) marks the area of the oldest preserved buildings of the old town. The town was demarcated and planned with the award of municipal rights in the first half of the 13th century. The layout of Zielona Góra is based on a regularly shaped market square, around which plots for residential buildings were demarcated. Its frontages were formed by four blocks of houses. The market square included a network of streets running outwards from the market square to the former town gates. The legible, medieval spatial layout of the town has survived until today. In the second half of the 15th century, the seat of town authorities was built in the middle of the market square - the town hall. The building was many times destroyed by fire in the 16th and the 17th century. Its current shape is a result of construction works carried out after the fires. After 1651, Gothic blind windows were bricked up, windows were transformed, and the building was plastered, which gave a Baroque touch to it. The building’s cubic volume was extended by the annex next to the tower. The works were carried out under the direction of Hans Papperitz. In 1669, the tower was renovated, and ten years later - the whole main building. In 1777, the town hall was extended by the eastern wing; thereafter, in 1846, the northern section was added, and in the end - the southern one. During renovation works in 1801, the building’s façades were provided with Classicist décor. Also part of the walls of the town hall tower which, together with the Baroque tented roof, is 54 m high, was replaced.

In 1919, the roof of the town hall was re-designed and the northern wing extended upwards by adding the second storey. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, [local government] took over ownership of the tenement house. In the post-war period, the building was subjected to minor renovations. Only in the years 1989-1990 during a full-scale renovation of the façades, the decorative blind window on the western wall of the town hall was uncovered and exposed. The last renovation was carried out in the years 2006-2008, and concerned the building’s interior. No major alterations have been made to the building. At present, the town hall houses administrative offices. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

It is a free-standing building, located on Stary Rynek Street. It is situated in the very centre of Zielona Góra, in the central part of the square. Stary Rynek Street is a part of the strict monument protection zone.

The building was erected on a large plot and faces west with its front façade. Its floor plan forms a shape resembling a rectangle, adjoined from the south, north, and east by quadrangular annexes and a tower at the northern end of the eastern side. It is made of brick; its walls are plastered on both sides. Under the main section of the town hall, there are large basements with barrel and groin vaults. Basements beneath the outermost parts of the town hall are significantly less spacious. The main part and the southern section of the town hall are two-storey, while the northern and the eastern section have three storeys. Individual sections are covered with a separate multi-hipped roof. The roof is clad in beaver tail tiles. In the roof surface, there are dormers covered with small roofs. The quadrangular town hall tower which turns octagonal in the upper section, is covered with a tented roof with three lanterns. The front façade, Classicist in shape, is topped with a triangular pediment resting on a pseudo-avant corps. The gable is decorated with the coat of arms of the town and stucco decorations with foliate motives. The town hall’s façades feature varied architectural detail. They are adorned, among other things, with rusticated lesenes, cornices, and surrounds. Other façades are similar in finishing detail to the front façade. Individual storeys are pierced with rectangular window openings. Part of the windows have segmental arches in their top sections. On the ground floor, in the southern part of the town hall, there are surviving Gothic beamed ceilings. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes.

The town hall is a monument owned by local government. Due to the fact that it houses offices of local administration, the building is not widely available to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 17-04-2015.

Bibliography

  • Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, pod red. Zdzisława Kaczmarczyka i Andrzeja Wędzkiego, Zielona Góra 1970
  • Stanisław Kowalski, Miasta Środkowego Nadodrza, Zbigniew Bujakiewicz, Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003
  • Zielona Góra, Przeszłość i teraźniejszość, pod red. M Szczanieckiego, Poznań 1962
  • Zabytki Zielonej Góry, pod red. B. Bielinis-Kopeć, Zielona Góra 2007
  • W. Janowska, Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004
  • Mirosław Kuleba, Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010
  • Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, tom I, pod red. Wojciecha Strzyżewskiego, Zielona Góra 2011
  • Krzysztof Garbacz, Szlakiem zabytkowych miast, Zielona Góra 2005.

General information

  • Type: town hall
  • Chronology: II poł. XV w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Stary Rynek 1, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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