Tenement house, Zielona Góra
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The building, erected in the second half of the 19th century, is located in the western frontage of Stary Rynek Street. It is situated within a dense, one-sided development. The three-storey feature has a basement underneath and features a diversified architectural detail. The presented building is an important element in the spatial layout of Zielona Góra.

History

Stary Rynek Street (German: Ring) marks the area of the oldest preserved buildings of the old town. The town was demarcated and planned with the award of municipal rights in the first half of the 13th century. The layout of Zielona Góra is based on a regularly shaped market square, around which plots for residential buildings were demarcated. Its frontages were formed by four blocks of houses. The market square included a network of streets running outwards from the market square to the former town gates. The legible, medieval spatial layout of the town has survived until today. In the second half of the 15th century, the seat of town authorities was built in the middle of the market square - the town hall. The area where the building in consideration can be found is located in the very centre, within former defensive walls of the town. The first buildings erected on that street are wooden houses with roof gables set perpendicularly to the street, typically two-storey and three-axial. Market square buildings, many a time destroyed by fires and attacks of hostile armies, were reconstructed in a new form, on the relics of the former buildings. Only at a later time, wealthy owners started to build bigger houses using brick. The buildings on the market were all that time related to trade and craftsmanship. Doctors, craftsmen, or winemakers had their houses there. All the buildings were shaped mainly in the second half of the 19th century and in early 20th century. The surviving buildings are mainly three- or four-storey tenement houses erected in the style of late Classicism, Historicism, and Art Nouveau.

Incomplete archival records on the tenement house described here have been preserved. Neither do we know the exact date of the building construction, nor the name of the designer or contractor. The tenement house was erected in the second half of the 19th century, on the relics of an older building. In the basements, there are surviving barrel vaults with lunettes, and on the ground floor, groin vaults. In 1933, the building was owned by baker Fritz Hildebrand. On the first floor, there was a pharmacy called “Orzeł” (“Eagle”), run by Anton Krawutschke. Hostilities of the Second World War did not lead to major damage to the building. After the war, the local government took over ownership of the building and since that time it has been used for residential purposes. In the post-war period, the building was subjected to minor renovations. In the 20th century, the front façade was partially converted. No major alterations have been made to the structure. At present, it houses service and residential premises. The structure is one of the most representative buildings in the city.

Description

The tenement house, located in Stary Rynek Street, is a part of the dense development. It is situated in the very centre of Zielona Góra, to the west from the town hall. Stary Rynek Street is a part of the strict monument protection zone.

The building is located on a small plot of land and its front façade faces the town hall. Its plan resembles the shape of a rectangle. The building has basements underneath. It is made of brick; its walls are plastered on both sides. It has three storeys and is topped with a mono-pitched roof. The front façade of the building is three-axial and topped with a profiled cornice and a narrow parapet. On the top of the roof, there is a sculpture of an eagle with its wings spread. A balcony with a solid balustrade is located at the level of the first floor. On the ground floor of the building, on its outermost axis, there is main entrance. The ground floor is adorned with rustication and separated from the upper floors with a profiled cornice. The front façade features varied architectural detail. Storeys are pierced with rectangular window openings. In panels under windows and above windows of the second floor, there are stucco decorations. The front façade is partitioned with lesenes outlined in the plasterwork. Part of the original window woodwork has been preserved. The body of the building has been preserved in its original state without major changes.

The tenement house is a monument owned by local government and private entities. Due to the fact that it houses service premises and flats, the building is not widely available to the public.

compiled by Krzysztof Słowiński, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Zielona Góra, 17-04-2015.

Bibliography

  • Studia na początkami i rozplanowaniem miast nad środkową Odrą i dolną Wartą, pod red. Zdzisława Kaczmarczyka i Andrzeja Wędzkiego, Zielona Góra 1970
  • Stanisław Kowalski, Miasta Środkowego Nadodrza, Zbigniew Bujakiewicz, Krajobraz materialny i społeczny Zielonej Góry od końca XVIII do połowy XX wieku, Zielona Góra 2003
  • Zielona Góra, Przeszłość i teraźniejszość, pod red. M Szczanieckiego, Poznań 1962
  • Zabytki Zielonej Góry, pod red. B. Bielinis-Kopeć, Zielona Góra 2007
  • W. Janowska, Zielona Góra. Wytyczne konserwatorskie do miejscowych planów zagospodarowania przestrzennego, Zielona Góra 2004
  • Mirosław Kuleba, Topografia winiarska Zielonej, Zielona Góra 2010
  • Historia Zielonej Góry. Dzieje miasta do końca XVIII wieku, tom I, pod red. Wojciecha Strzyżewskiego, Zielona Góra 2011

General information

  • Type: tenement house
  • Chronology: 2 poł. XIX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Stary Rynek 20, Zielona Góra
  • Location: Voivodeship lubuskie, district Zielona Góra, commune Zielona Góra
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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