Manor house and park complex - Zabytek.pl
Manor house and park complex
woj. wielkopolskie, pow. leszczyński, gm. Osieczna - obszar wiejski
The eclectic body of the manor house features an avant-corps topped with a Neo-baroque gable with volutes and a tower by the north-western façade. The complex is a typical example of a residence of landed gentry, consisting of a residential and farm complex.
The earliest mentions of the village of Witosław date back to the early 14th century. At the time, it belonged to the bishops of Poznań. By the end of the century, it came into Sambor’s possession, and since then was passed down to landed gentry, e.g. Stefan Rydzyński (15th century), Stanisław Krzyszkowski (16th century) and the Pienińskis. At the beginning of the 19th century, the village belonged to Onufry Krzycki, who sold it to Theodor Opitz. According to some sources, the property remained in the hands of the Opitz von Boberfeld family until 1910, and according to other sources - until World War II.
The park was established in the second half of the 19th century. The palace was most likely built at the turn of the 20th century for Theodor Opitz von Boberfeld. The last pre-war owner of Witosław was Konstanty Opitz von Boberfeld. At present, the manor house and park are part of an api-phytotherapy centre.
The manor house complex in Witosław is situated in the south-western part of the village. It comprises a residential complex and a manor farm complex situated towards the north-west. The residential complex consists of a manor house and a park which spans the area behind it, bordering with the Witosławskie Lake in the north-east.
The manor house was built according to the project of an unknown architect on a rectangular floor plan; it is made of brick and covered with plaster. Its body is cuboidal with two taller central avant-corps in the front and rear façade, preceded by a hallway annex and a terrace, respectively. Adjacent to the north-western façade, there is a slightly narrower side wing with a taller tower on the axis. The body of the manor house is covered with a half-hipped roof, the avant-corps - with gable roofs, the tower - with a hipped roof, all roofs laid with ceramic tiles.
The ten-axis front façade of the manor house features a three-axis avant-corps, as well as a single-axis side wing on the north-western side, and has two storeys (three in the avant-corps part). The avant-corps is topped with a Neo-baroque gable with volutes and a fiery vase in the upper section. The façade of the single-storey, three-axis hallway preceding the avant-corps is decorated with four pilasters - two outermost ones and two central ones framing the door opening, above which the coat of arms of the Opitz von Boberfeld family was placed. The window openings are mostly rectangular. The door opening and the windows on the second storey of the avant-corps are segment-headed. The window opening in the gable of the avant-corps is topped with a semicircular arch. All of the openings, excluding the hallway, are framed with plaster surrounds.
The rear façade was designed in a similar manner - it has ten axes, two storeys, a five-storey central avant-corps preceded by a two-storey terrace which is supported on pillars and features four Tuscan columns on the second storey, above which there is a balcony with a balustrade. The terrace can be accessed by climbing fan-shaped stairs with full brick balustrades and two cuboidal posts at the bottom steps.
The side north-western façade has three axes and three storeys, is topped with a parapet which serves as a balustrade, and features a taller, five-storey, single-axis avant-corps tower and perhaps a secondary door opening on the ground floor. The south-eastern façade is four-storeyed and has a single axis.
The interior has a two-bay layout, with a hallway positioned on the axis of the building, preceded by a vestibule. The interior features preserved tile stoves, a wooden staircase, as well as window and door woodwork.
The manor house is situated at the eastern edge of a landscape park which spans 4.28 ha and borders with the shore of the Witosławskie Lake in the south-east. In the park, there are two monumental oaks. On the south-western side, the mausoleum of the Opitz von Boberfeld family from the fourth quarter of the 19th century has been preserved in a forest beyond the park.
The site is accessible to visitors. The manor house and park are part of the “Apiherba” Api-Phytotherapy Centre.
compiled by Anna Dyszkant, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Poznan, 2-07-2015.
- Libicki M., Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Wielkopolsce, Poznań 2003, s. 424.
- Majątki wielkopolskie, t. IV, Powiat leszczyński, opr. M. Jarzewicz, Szreniawa 1996, s. 159-160.
Category: manor house
Protection: Register of monuments, Monuments records
Inspire id: PL.1.9.ZIPOZ.NID_N_30_ZE.51891, PL.1.9.ZIPOZ.NID_E_30_ZE.6921