Palace complex, currently not used, under renovation, Urzejowice
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Palace complex, currently not used, under renovation

Urzejowice

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The complex consisting of a palace and a park is a representative example of a residential complex in the voivodeship. It is distinguished by an extended eclectic form of the palace and park with a picturesque water parterre.

History

The palace in Urzejowice was built on the initiative of Herman and Genowefa Turnau, owners of the property, in 1887, as evidenced by the date over the entrance to the palace. It was located on the site of the previous seat or in close proximity thereto, in the vicinity of a fragment of the moat forming part of the fortified manor house fortification system from the 15th or 16th century. During the construction of the palace, the palace gardens were designed (partly on the site formerly occupied by earth fortifications) and the remains of the moat were incorporated into the park composition, making it, after enlargement, an extensive water parterre. In the interwar period, when the complex was owned by August Turnau, Herman's nephew, the palace was extended upwards in the central part. After the World War II, the building housed a school, and since 2003 the complex has been privately owned.

Description

The palace complex is located in the central part of the village, in a relatively flat area. It adjoins a local road to the west, a sports field and utility buildings to the south, and farm buildings and arable fields on the remaining sides.

The eclectic palace was erected in the southern part of the complex, on a floor plan in the shape of an elongated rectangle, with side and central avant-corps in longer façades and an avant-corps in the southern façade. The body is fragmented, with basements extending under all of its sections. It is single-storey in the northern part and multi-storey in the remaining parts. In the interwar period, the building was extended upwards by the addition of a low second floor in the central part. The body is embellished with two loggias in the form of colonnade porticos to the south. It is covered with gable roofs and hip roofs. The entire structure is made of brick; the roofs are clad with interlocking sheet metal.

The front, south-western façade is eight-axial; the garden, north-eastern façade is nine-axial; the southern and northern façades are three-axial; all façades are pierced by rectangular window openings of different sizes, arranged in a varied pattern. Horizontal articulation is emphasised by a plinth separated by a cornice, cornices between storeys, crowning cornices, and cornices at the level of the window sills as well as a knee wall frieze. The façades on the ground floor and the western façade of the taller part were developed particularly carefully; they are decorated with pilaster rhythms, doubled pilasters in some parts, with Ionic capitals, creating a rhythm on the façades and adorning the corners of the buildings and avant-corps, with window openings topped with triangular pediments supported by ornamental corbels. The porticos featuring Ionic columns partition the body and give it a character corresponding to the nineteenth-century notion of an ancient Roman villa.

The palace interior has retained its original corridor layout from the time of its construction and components of architectural décor: niches with reliefs of St. Hubertus and St. George and profiled cornice with an ornament in the staircase, as well as stucco decorations in other rooms.

The palace park was located on the site formerly occupied by a landscape complex and remnants of fortifications. Old oak trees and London plane trees have survived from the eighteenth-century gardens to this days; the main park tree stand consists of limes, oaks and ashes dating from the 19th century. Rows of plantings from the early 20th century, which are a distinctive feature of the park, largely distorted the old composition and obliterated the inner viewing axes. Still, however, a pond reflecting the garden façade of the palace is an extremely picturesque component of the palace and park complex.

The palace and park are not open to visitors.

compiled by Mieczysław Kuś, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszów, 12-12-2014.

Bibliography

  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012, pp. 478-479
  • Polakowski S., Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012, pp. 361-362
  • Piórecki J., Zabytkowe ogrody i parki województwa przemyskiego, Rzeszów 1989, pp. 145-146
  • Record sheet, Zespół dworsko-parkowy, dwór, prepared by: I. Zając, 1989, Szanter Z., Archives of the Branch Office of the Regional Office for the Protection of Historical Monuments in Przemyśl

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1887 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Urzejowice
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district przeworski, commune Przeworsk
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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