War cemetery, Ucisków
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The region’s largest World War I cemetery with nearly 2,000 fallen soldiers buried.

History

The cemetery was created with the participation of the local population already during the ongoing warfare. The idea was to transfer the remains of soldiers who fell in 1914 and 1915 and were buried in the area to a new location. Wooden crucifixes were installed. Shrubs and trees were planted in the cemetery grounds in the 1930s. After WW2, Red Army soldiers were buried here and later relocated to other sites in the 1950s.Neglected after the last war, the cemetery was restored 20 years ago. Austrian Red Cross, an organization taking care of World War I burial grounds, contributed to the renovation works. In 2012 an information board was installed at the entrance.

Description

The cemetery is located on the left side of the Nowy Korczyn-Busko road, on the west side of the village. Currently, it is visible from a distance as a tree clump between the fields and a pine wood in the village. It borders on a pine wood from the south and west. It is rectangular in shape (73x145 m) with one side slightly rounded. It occupies nearly 1 hectare of land. It is surrounded by an earth embankment, approx. 1.5 m high.It can be entered by a wooden gate from the road. The information board can be found next to the gate. Opposite the entrance, there is an earth mounds about 6 m high, with a crucifix made of iron pipes on top. The crucifix has a metal military eagle on it with the inscription, "1918 1939 to Those Fallen for Poland”. At the foot of the mound, there is a section with three individual graves arranged in a row. This is where officers were buried. There is also a large wooden cross flanked by two smaller ones and a boulder with a notice. Two more graves are behind the mound. Buried there are probably soldiers who died in 1939. Along the embankment, on both sides of the mound, the are two L-shaped sections leading towards the entrance. At the back of the cemetery, there are 22 more sections arranged in three rows. Small wooden crucifixes have been stood at the foot of the mound and in the other sections. In total, there are about 20 crucifixes, some of them Orthodox. No nameplates can be found on the graves. The fallen soldiers were Russians (1366) and Austro-Hungarians (479). They probably died in the autumn and in December 1914. The cemetery is full of bushes and trees.

The cemetery is generally accessible.

Compiled by Nina Glińska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland Kielce, 27.11.2014.

Bibliography

  • Kaczanowski L., Paprocki W., Miejsca pamięci narodowej1939-1945 w województwie kieleckim, Kielce 1989, s. 370.
  • Oettingen U., Cmentarze I wojny światowej w województwie kieleckim, Warszawa-Kraków 1988, s. 205.
  • Sabat T., Zub J., Konserwacja zabytkowych cmentarzy [w:] Cedro J. i inni (oprac.) Prace konserwatorskie w woj. świętokrzyskim w latach 2001-2012, Kielce 2014, s. 180.
  • http://kielce.gazeta.pl/kielce/1,35261,8582518,Odkrywamy_Swietokrzyskie___Uciskow.html#ixzz3KFxdaDka

General information

  • Type: cemetery
  • Chronology: po 1915 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Ucisków
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district buski, commune Nowy Korczyn
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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