Greek Catholic parish church of St. John the Baptist, currently the Roman Catholic filial church of SS. Peter and Paul, Tyrawa Solna
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Greek Catholic parish church of St. John the Baptist, currently the Roman Catholic filial church of SS. Peter and Paul

Tyrawa Solna

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The Orthodox church is a representative example of the phenomenon termed “latinization” common in the building of Orthodox churches, especially since the late 18th century. In Orthodox church architecture it was manifested, among others, in the shape of the body of Orthodox churches resembling the shape of Latin churches. In the case of the church in Tyrawa Solna, this tendency can be observed, among others, in the same height of walls of the individual parts of the church, their gable roofs, occurrence of two sacristies framing the chancel, or addition of a tower to the western façade.

History

The earliest mention indicating the existence of the Orthodox parish in Tyrawa dates back to 1523, and the mention of the local church was recorded in 1679. The existing church was funded by Mejnicki, priest from Tyrawa, and erected by carpenters Wasyl Bułkstrimił (?), Gabriel Mlachowski and Andrzej Duda in 1837. This information was engraved on the entry portal to the narthex. The church was consecrated in 1843. The main entrance to the church from the west in the form of a colonnaded portico was covered with a roof in 1898 (the date “1898” is on the tympanum of that portico). In 1927, the church underwent renovation. The roof was clad with sheet metal, and in the interior fittings were renovated (including iconostasis) and painted decorations were made. Painting works were performed by the famous Sanok painter, Władysław Lisowski. Since 1946 the structure has been used as a Roman Catholic church. It was renovated in the 1970s (replacement of the stone floor with concrete sett). The last major work on the site covered the surrounding area (construction of a car park, concrete sett path).

Description

The monument is located in the south eastern part of the village. The Orthodox church area with a slight decline in an easterly direction is enclosed by a metal fence. The church is orientated towards the east. It is a log wooden structure, set on a stone foundation, with a post-and-beam tower. It features a tripartite layout consisting of a chancel, nave and narthex, with a vestibule under the tower preceding the narthex. The individual parts of the structure were built on a nearly square floor plan. The nave is the widest part, the chancel and the narthex are slightly narrower, and the tower with a vestibule on the ground floor is the narrowest. The chancel features a semi-hexagonal termination. Its sides adjoins two small nearly square sacristies to the north and south. The walls of the three main parts of the building are of the same height; the sacristies adjoining the chancel are much lower. The highest part of the church is a two-storey tower. Its storeys were separated by a cornice placed at the height of the crowning cornice of the church walls. The tower (in front of the door to the west) was extended by the addition of a double-column portico. The roofs of individual parts of the church vary in height; the tallest roof is above the nave, the roof over the chancel and the narthex are slightly lower. The nave, narthex, sacristy and portico are covered with gable roofs, the chancel is covered with a five-plane roof, and the tower with a tented roof. The roof above the nave is surmounted by a large hexagonal steeple turret with a bulbous cupola with a lantern. The roof over the tower is topped with an analogous cupola. A small bulbous dome shaped like a poppy head is located atop the roof ridge. All walls are covered with vertical board and batten siding; the roofs and turrets and cupolas are clad with sheet metal. The windows are rectangular in shape, topped with segmental arches; the sanctuary is pierced by an oculus; the door openings are rectangular. Inside, the passage from the narthex to the nave opens up across the entire width and height of the narthex. All rooms were covered with flat ceilings. A suspended choir gallery runs along the western wall of the narthex. The walls and ceilings are embellished with figural and ornamental painted decorations. The church boasts preserved rich interior fittings dating from the period of construction of the church, including, iconostasis, altar with an iconostasis, side altars, and pulpit, among others.

The building can be viewed from the outside all year round; Viewing of the interior is only possible by prior telephone arrangement.

compiled by Ryszard Kwolek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszów, 16-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Bańkosz R., Cerkwie szlaku ikon, Krosno 2007
  • Michniewscy M. and A., Duda M., Wypych S., Kościoły drewniane Karpat i Podkarpacia. Przewodnik, Pruszków 2001
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, Woj. krośnieńskie, Lesko, Sanok, Ustrzyki Dolne i okolice, prepared by E. Śnieżyńska-Stolotowa and F. Stolot, Warsaw 1982
  • Record sheet, Greek Catholic parish church of St. John the Baptist, currently the Roman Catholic filial church of SS. Peter and Paul in Tyrawa Solna, prepared by B. A. Bosak, Archives of the Voivodeship Monuments Protection Office in Przemyśl, Krosno Regional Office, 1991
  • Saładiak A., Pamiątki i zabytki kultury ukraińskiej w Polsce. Warsaw 1993
  • Szematyzmy duchowieństwa grekokatolickiego z lat 1877, 1879, 1927, 1936, 1938-39

General information

  • Type: tserkva
  • Chronology: 1837 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Tyrawa Solna
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district sanocki, commune Sanok
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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