Town hall, Sulmierzyce
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The Town Hall in Sulmierzyce is the only example of a wooden small town hall preserved in Poland.

History

Sulmierzyce appeared in historical sources in 1420, when Casimir IV Jagiellon granted it municipal rights under a charter from 1457. The town was chartered again in 1604, and already in 1654 a “new city” was founded in its vicinity. In 1972, Sulmierzyce lost its municipal rights, however after vigorous protests of its citizens, it regained the rights in the following year. The earliest mention of the existence of the town hall in Sulmierzyce dates back to 1647. The original building, most probably also wooden, was destroyed during town fires in 1658 and 1710. The present building was constructed in 1743. It underwent alterations in 1879 - its tower was lowered, clock removed, and the arcade galleries surrounding the building were demolished. It underwent restoration in 1899 and in the years 1991-94.

Description

The Town Hall in Sulmierzyce is a free-standing building, with a south-facing front, situated in the centre of the Market Square. Built on a rectangular floor plan, two-storey, based on a log structure, plastered. It has a hip roof covered with wood shingles, forming arcades supported by wooden pillars on three sides. In the middle of the roof ridge, there is a quadrangular turret with walls covered in wood shingles, with a tin cupola and a flag finial with an inscription “1743” - the date of construction of the town hall. Low ground floor is connected with the first floor by half-landing external stairs, which adjoin the front façade, and are connected in the middle with a gallery-platform linked with two pillars of the arcade. On the beam above the door, there is a carved inscription “ANNO DOM. 1743…”

On the ground floor, there was an old archive and a lamus, i.e. a vault used for keeping documents, seals, weight and measure models of the time. The town hall also housed the city’s jail. On the first floor, there was a room which belonged to Sulmierzyce’s mayor, as well as a town council meeting hall.

A legible interior layout has survived until present day, and it includes, among others, the mayor’s room and town council meeting hall on the first floor. The town hall’s log structure, carpentry surrounds of the openings, and profiled beamed ceilings were exposed during the last renovation.

Since 1957, the town hall has been home to the Museum of Sulmierzyce Region. The Museum holds a collection of kerosene lamps, clocks, and irons. Preserved guild chests and a baptismal font from the 16th century are also worth noticing.

Open to visitors, home to the S. Klonowic’s Museum of Sulmierzyce Region (www.muzeumsulmierzyce.pl)

compiled by Beata Marzęta, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Poznan, 17-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Krassowski W., Architektura drewniana w Polsce, Warszawa 1961
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, t. V. woj. poznańskie, z. 11, powiat krotoszyński
  • Tłoczek I., Polskie Budownictwo drewniane, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk 1980
  • Wielkopolskie ratusze, Poznań 2005, s. 164-67

General information

  • Type: town hall
  • Chronology: 1743 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Rynek 1, Sulmierzyce
  • Location: Voivodeship wielkopolskie, district krotoszyński, commune Sulmierzyce
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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