Middle manor house, Stara Łomnica
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The so-called “middle manor house” is an example of a fortified residence of the local nobility; although erected during the Renaissance period, the house bears the hallmarks of medieval building traditions and forms a functional and spatial whole with the medieval residential tower which accompanies the house.

History

The domain owned by the von Pannwitz noble family - known under the name of the Middle Manor (Mittelhof) in the years that followed - are known to have existed in Stara Łomnica from the 14th century until the first half of the 16th century. The fortified residential tower (keep) which survives here to this day also formed part of the manor in question. When the tower was no longer able to satisfy the needs of the von Pannwitz family, they have erected the so-called middle manor house alongside the medieval structure; designed on an L-shaped floor plan, the house featured a tripartite main body with a central vestibule; the design called for a clear division between the residential and utility sections of the house. In years 1570-1580 or thereabouts, a stone portal adorned with the family crests of the owners of the manor house was embedded in the façade of the side wing thereof. The manor house was reconstructed following a fire which damaged the structure in 1617, receiving a pair of parallel roofs. The façades were adorned with rusticated sgraffito decorations and topped with ornate, two-storey gables crowned with an ensemble of pinnacles. Following the Thirty Years’ War, the manor was confiscated from the von Pannwitz family, who were accused of supporting the Protestant community. The house and the surrounding land was later allocated to the members of the nobility who have moved to the region from other parts and who have openly voiced their support for the Emperor - the baronial family of von und zu Anneberg (from 1629), followed by the barons of von Herberstein (from 1652), hailing from Gorzanów. In the end, the manor house began to serve as the residence of the administrator of the local manor farm. The manor house was reconstructed following a fire which damaged the structure in 1635; further renovation works followed in the second half of the 17th century, when the building received its relatively plain window surrounds, designed in the Baroque style.

Description

The underlying concept for the design of so-called middle manor house was very much true to the medieval tradition, despite the house having been erected in the Renaissance era. The house was erected alongside the existing residential keep. The residential and utility section were located under a single roof.

The middle manor house complex is located in the centre of the village, on the most elevated part of the site, not far away from the local church. The middle manor house is a stone building, its walls covered with plaster. It was designed on an L-shaped floor plan and features a tripartite layout with a central vestibule. It is a two-storey structure topped with a gable roof. The façades are devoid of any form of architectural articulation, with some of the windows being arranged in a regular pattern, while others are placed at irregular intervals. The side façades are crowned with triangular gables. The front façade features an asymmetrically positioned stone portal in the form of a fasciated surround adorned with quoins dressed at an angle near the edge and topped with a profiled cornice. Above the portal there is a rectangular heraldic plaque flanked by a pair of corbels at the edges, with a profiled cornice on top. The plaque incorporates a total of 8 coats of arms, including those of the von Pannwitz, von Ratschin, von Füllstein, von Ullersdorf, von Hennigsdorf and von Tschischwitz noble families. The windows are mostly framed with stone bands and feature surviving lintel cornices from the Renaissance period. Some of the interiors feature vaulted ceilings of the barrel type (including a few where the vaulted ceiling follows a pointed-arch outline); some of the barrel vaults come equipped with lunettes. Other rooms feature beamed ceilings made of wood. Interior portals made of stone are present on both storeys of the house.

Private property — the structure can be viewed from the outside.

compiled by Iwona Rybka-Ceglecka, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Wrocław, 23-07-2014.

Bibliography

  • Eysymontt K., Studium historyczno architektoniczne zespołu zabytkowego wsi Stara i Nowa Łomnica (woj. Wałbrzych), PP PKZ Wrocław, 1986, typescript available in the archive of the National Heritage Board of Poland, Regional Branch in Wrocław
  • Eysymontt K., Architektura renesansowych dworów na Dolnym Śląsku, Wrocław 2010.
  • Grundmann G., Burgen, Schlösser und Gutshäuser in Schlesien, Bd. I, Frankfurt am Main 1982.
  • Rybka-Ceglecka I., Boguszewicz M., Wiśniewska D., Studium środowiska kulturowego gminy Bystrzyca Kłodzka, woj. wałbrzyskie, Wrocław 1995, typescript available in the archive of the National Heritage Board of Poland, Regional Branch in Wrocław
  • Rybka-Ceglecka I., record sheet of the “middle manor house”, 1997, Archive of the National Heritage Board of Poland

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 3 ćw. XVI w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Stara Łomnica 72
  • Location: Voivodeship dolnośląskie, district kłodzki, commune Bystrzyca Kłodzka - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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