Forge, Stara Kuźnica
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Unique technological equipment as well as landscape and historical values of the industrial layout and systems of former ironworks.

History

The local water-driven hammery is mentioned in the written records already in 1662. The list of ironworks operating in the Congress Kingdom of Poland of 1823, it is included in Nieświńskis’ estate as a private property of Wielhorskis. In the late 1930s, it was upgraded thanks to loans taken from the Polish Bank supporting the expansion of private industrial investment. After 1860, the facility cooperated with the nearby blast furnace operating until 1893. Since the beginning of the 20th century, its function was limited to the forging of iron scrap into small agricultural tools and household items. In 1957, the hammery ceased to operate and was taken over by the Museum of Technology and Industry in Warsaw. Since the renovation in the early 1960s, it has been opened to visitors as a local museum. In the 1970s, the water reservoir was reconstructed while reinforcing the causeway and making a new culvert; the undertaking led to the destruction of the former culvert with a wooden gate and a footbridge. The hammery building underwent a thorough renovation: the old wooden structure of the shed, roof truss, roofing and weatherboards were replaced. The area is owned by the State Treasury and managed by the Museum of Technology and Industry in Warsaw.

Description

The hammery complex is situated on the Młynkówka River, by the local road, approx. 12 km from Końskie. The complex consists of a water system, the hammery building with equipment and the remains of auxiliary buildings (shed, residential building, traces of the blast furnace and slag dumps). Of the old water system, only the causeway has remained: the front dam (causing backwater), culvert and outlet (rebuilt) and channel (entering the building in its further stretch). The hammery building is in fact a rectangular wooden shed of frame structure with single external weatherboard, set on a stone foundation. It has a gable roof with timber rafter and purlin roof truss covered with shingle; the façades are simple and windowless; barn floor inside. The entrance door (plank) in the south-west wall lead to an open-space production interior; today, featuring exhibits. Exhibited is the unique, old equipment: pressure water hammer and anvil, water-driven undershot wheel driving the hammer and box bellows driven by a separate (internal) undershot wheel; and auxiliary equipment: heating stove, manual shears for cutting sheet metal, sharpening tool, pincers, pliers and other small blacksmith tools. The hammery complex has retained its historic spatial plan, and the devices can be occasionally run for showcase purposes.

The property is owned by the State Treasury and managed by the museum; the area is publicly accessible; the building can be visited upon arrangement with the live-in supervisor.

Compiled by Włodzimierz Pedrycz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Kielce, 09.09.2014.

Bibliography

  • Karty ewidencyjne: - Kuźnica wodna - zespół, - Budynek kuźnicy (kuźni), oprac. J. A. Baliński 1996, [Archiwum Świętokrzyskiego Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Kielcach i Archiwum Narodowego Instytutu Dziedzictwa w Warszawie].
  • Guldon Z., Kaczor J., Górnictwo i hutnictwo w Staropolskim Okręgu Przemysłowym w drugiej połowie XVIII wieku, Kielce 1994.
  • Koźminski K., Zagłębie Staropolskie w Kieleckiem, Warszawa 1955.
  • Krygier E., Ruszczyńska T., Katalog Zabytków Budownictwa Przemysłowego w Polsce, , Wrocław - Warszawa 1958, t.II, z.1, powiat Końskie, s. 61-62.
  • Wojewódzki R., Najważniejsze zabytki techniki powiatu koneckiego, Tradycje przemysłowe ziemi koneckiej, Kielce 1991, s. 51-61.
  • Wojewódzki R., Najcenniejsze zabytki techniki - Stara Kuźnica; w miesięczniku IKAR, nr 11 (15) z 1994r.

General information

  • Type: industrial architecture
  • Chronology: koniec XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Stara Kuźnica 46
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district konecki, commune Końskie - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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