Earthen mound, Srebrzyszcze
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
photo

An example of a well-preserved burial mounds believed to originate from either the early medieval or the early modern period, subsequently modified in the 1970s to serve as a monument to the soldiers of the January Uprising.

Location and description

The earthen mound, known locally as the “Swedish burial mound”, is located at the southern edge of the village, in a private garden alongside a house standing by the road from Srebrzyszcze to Chełm, at the edge of a small valley of the Słyszówka river, some 200 metres away from the river itself.

The barrow is clearly discernible in the surrounding terrain. The area of the site is approximately 0.01 hectares. The height of the preserved structure is ca. 2 metres, while the diameter at its base is about 5 metres. The mound is separated by a fence from the rest of the garden; at its top stands a stone monument with a plaque that reads “MONUMENT TO THE HEROES OF THE STRUGGLE FOR POLISH INDEPENDENCE, THE PATRIOTS OF THE UPRISING OF JANUARY 1863, BUILT BY THE LOCAL COMMUNITY AND THE SCOUTING TEAM OF SREBRZYSZCZE, 1972”. Concrete steps leading to the monument at the top are embedded in the eastern slope of the mound.

History

The earthen mound or barrow is believed to be an early medieval or early modern structure.

Condition and results of archaeological research

The site has not been subject to excavations. Surface surveys of the site within the framework of the ‘Archaeological Picture of Poland’ project were carried out by Bogdan Okupny in 1984.

Unlimited access to the historic structure. The burial mound is clearly visible from the public road.

compiled by Ewa Prusicka, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Lublin, 11-10-2015.

Bibliography

  • Skibiński S., Zabytki archeologiczne powiatu chełmskiego, “Ziemia Chełmska”, Lublin 1961, p. 150
  • Skibiński S., Zabytki powiatu chełmskiego (Katalog - inwentarz), part I, Archeologia, Chełm 1964, item. 714 (typescript available in the archive of the District Museum in Chełm).
  • Nosek S. , Materiały do badań nad historią starożytną i wczesnośredniowieczną międzyrzecza Wisły i Bugu, "Annales UMCS", sec. F, vol. VI: 1951 (1957), pp. 368 and 431
  • Gąssowski J., Kempisty A., Przewodnik archeologiczny po Polsce, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk 1973, p. 71.
  • Okupny B., Mitrus E., Wstępna inwentaryzacja kurhanów na obszarze województwa chełmskiego. Maszynopis dokumentacji PKZ. Lublin 1985, Vol. I (typescript available in the archives of the Regional Monument Inspector, branch office in Chełm).

General information

  • Type: Barrow
  • Chronology: VI - XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Srebrzyszcze
  • Location: Voivodeship lubelskie, district chełmski, commune Chełm
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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