Manor house complex, Skrzyszów
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
photo

The fortified manor and the accompanying earth fortifications are one of the few preserved representatives of Renaissance architecture in the Podkarpackie voivodeship.

History

The fortified manor in Skrzyszów was built on the initiative of Hieronim Mielecki, starost of Brzesko and Sandomierz in the last quarter of the 16th century. Perhaps it was built using the body of the previous structure from the first half of the 16th century. It was surrounded by earthen fortifications, which included bastions, ramparts and moats. The fortified manor was used as the seat of the owners at the latest until the construction of a wooden one-storey manor house in the 19th century, replaced with a masonry building in the mid-19th century. At that time, it was adapted for use as a storage building. In 1915, after the one-storey manor house had been destroyed in a fire during warfare, the then owners of the manor complex, the Paliszewski family, started the renovation of the storage building with the intention of adapting it for residential purposes, while enriching its austere body with Romanesque Revival detail. The manor house has retained a form similar to that from the first quarter of the 20th century, with minor changes made during the full-scale renovation in 1989-1996: addition of a bay window to the western façade, addition of a portal to the northern façade, a small one-storey annex to the east. The fortifications have survived in the form of relics, but were partially levelled in recent years.

Description

The manor complex is located in the south-eastern part of the village, adjoins a local road to the east, Wielopolka river to the south, and arable fields to the north and west.

The manor house is located in the central part of the complex, in the vicinity of modern buildings, and adjoins a modern well-maintained geometric garden to the south. In its immediate vicinity, there is an impressive hundred years old oak. The Renaissance manor house was built on a rectangular floor plan, with proportions approximating those of a square. Its cuboidal body consisting of a basement and two storeys is covered with a hip roof and features a modern small bay window built in the west façade during the last renovation in 1898-1896 and covered with a three-slope roof. The building is built of brick with addition of stone in the corners, on stone basements; its roof is clad with ceramic roof tiles. The façades have an asymmetrical layout; the northern, eastern and western façades are characterised by windows in the form of double- and triple-arched windows, which represents the effect of emphasising style features dating from the renovation in the early 20th century. Similarly as the light glazed bay window on the upper storey in the western façade, the entrance portal in the northern façade was added during the last renovation; at that time, a small cubic structure was added to the main body, increasing the usable area of the manor house; however, the structure does not interfere with the perception of the Renaissance silhouette of the structure.

In the area surrounding the manor house, there are relics of the earthen fortifications in the form of fragments of the curtain wall of the western and southern ramparts and traces of a moat. A wooden chapel was built in the western corner in the 19th century.

Limited access to the monument. The manor house is used for residential purposes and is not open to visitors; the fortifications can be viewed from the road.

compield by Barbara Potera, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszów, 07-11-2014.

Bibliography

  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012
  • Polakowski S. Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012,
  • E. Śnieżyńska-Stlotowa, F. Stolot Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, Ropczyce Strzyżow i okolice, Warsaw 1978
  • Architectural and construction monument record sheets, so-called green sheets, drawn up for the manor building, fortifications and outbuilding, author: J. Tur, 1969, Archives of the Office for the Protection of Monuments in Rzeszów

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 4 ćw. XVI w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Skrzyszów
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district ropczycko-sędziszowski, commune Ostrów
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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