Długosz’s House, today the Diocesan Museum, Sandomierz
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Długosz’s House, today the Diocesan Museum

Sandomierz

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The so-called Długosz’s House is an example of an architectural project sponsored by the clergy - representing the social elite of the time of higher intellectual aspirations, but also sensitive to artistic values, as evidenced by the involvement of the great patrons such as Zbigniew of Oleśnica, Andrzej of Bnin and, above all, Jan Długosz. The Sandomierz building shows the typical skills and techniques of Macin Proszko who worked for Długosz in the years 1460-1480; his approach was upheld and continued by Jan Murator.

History

The development of the house is related to the formation of a group of Mansionaries appointed to sing psalms for the Holy Mary, the patroness of the Sandomierz collegiate church. The construction of the house for Mansionaries was completed in the last period of the sponsorship and architectural initiatives of Jan Długosz. The contractor was the Kraków workshop of Marcin Proszko, and the work was supervised by the Mansionary, Stanisław Łukawski, with the assistance of the site manager Mikołaj Lorincz. Perhaps after the death of Marcin Proszko about 1476, Długosz cooperated with Jan Murator, probably Marcin’s apprentice, known from the correspondence of the founder with the Rev. Stanisław Łukawski, a Mansionary of Sandomierz. At the beginning of the 2nd half of the 17th century, the Mansionaries carried out a major renovation of their main seat, probably destroyed during the Polish-Swedish War in the aftermath of the explosion of ammunition in the Sandomierz castle. The Mansionary priests stayed in Sandomierz until 1819, that is, the dissolution of the congregation. In 1864 the building fell under the administration of the collegiate chapter and was converted into the dwellings of the church service. In 1934, after many years of attempts, on the initiative and thanks to the efforts of Bishop Włodzimierz Jasiński, renovation was undertaken under the supervision of a Kraków architect Franciszek Mączyński. The idea was to restore the building as an exhibition space. The work was completed in October 1937 and the opening coincided with the exhibition designed by Dr Karol Estreicher.

Description

Długosz’s House is one of the most attractive spots in the town’s landscape, situated upon an escarpment in the south-east part of the urban settlement. It is a Gothic, brick and mortar, two-storey building, erected on a rectangular plan, with façades decorated with burr bricks of a diamond pattern. The erection plaque has been preserved. It is typical of the projects of Jan Długosz’s sponsorship; The plaque is embedded in the south, originally frontal façade. In the upper part, there is a visible the Wieniawa coat of arms of the House of Długosz with lambrequins and a jewel, undersigned with a miniscule inscription of 1476. The ground floor is divided into two parts by a large hall; narrow, barrel-vaulted staircase fitted with the wall leads to the upper floor and to the basement. The ground floor and first floor have beamed ceilings, decorated with moldings. The crossbeam on the ceiling bears the date of 1658 - renovation of the building after the devastation during the Polish-Swedish wars. Today, the facility houses the collection of the Diocesan Museum, including works of art from the Sandomierz region, for example, numerous Gothic paintings, the reliquary of the Holy Cross presented to the collegiate by King Władysław Jagiełło, late Romanesque monuments from Goźlice with the famous statue of Madonna of the 1st half of the 13th century, relics documenting the Sarmatian burial customs, numerous architectural details of the Dominican church of St James renovated after 1905, numerous works of woodcarving and sacred sculptures, manuscripts, artistic handicraft and archaeological collections.

The building is accessible during the opening hours of the Diocese Museum.

Compiled by Jerzy Zub, 15.12.2014.

Bibliography

  • Buliński M., Monografija miasta Sandomierza, Warszawa 1879.
  • Górski E., Diecezjalne Muzeum Sandomierskie, Sandomierz 1946.
  • Kalinowski W., Lalik T., Przypkowski T., Rutkowski H., Trawkowski S., Sandomierz, Warszawa 1956.
  • Smoleńska J., Działalność budowlana Jana Długosza (w:) Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki, t. XV/3-4, Warszawa 1969.
  • Buczek A., Mecenat artystyczny Jana Długosza w dziedzinie architektury (w:) Dlugossiana. Studia historyczne w pięćsetlecie śmierci Jana Długosza, Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, t. DLXI, Prace historyczne nr 65, Kraków 1980.
  • Pietrusiński J., Sztuka średniowieczna w Sandomierzu XII - XV w (w:) Dzieje Sandomierza, t. I, Warszawa 1993.
  • Stępień U., Przewodnik po Muzeum Diecezjalnym w Sandomierzu, Sandomierz 1994.
  • Kumor B., Wielka fundacja Jana Długosza w Sandomierzu (w:) Zeszyty Sandomierskie, nr 9, Sandomierz 1999, s. 81-82.
  • Węcławowicz T., Małopolska i ziemie ruskie Korony (w:) Architektura gotycka w Polsce, Warszawa 1995.

General information

  • Type: residential building
  • Chronology: ok. 1476 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Długosza 9, Sandomierz
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district sandomierski, commune Sandomierz
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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