Manor house and park complex, Ropczyce
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Manor house and park complex

Ropczyce

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The complex consisting of a manor house, two outbuildings, utility buildings and park is an example of an extended manor house of exceptional value in the region. It is distinguished by its harmonious classist form of the manor house, which is elegant in its simplicity and together with two outbuildings forms a ceremonial courtyard, the good condition of the remaining preserved components of the complex, and an extremely picturesque access avenue with the manor on the axis.

History

The Lubieniecki family purchased Witkowice from the Austrian authorities in the late 3rd quarter of the 18th century. After the middle of the 19th century, the property was owned by the Michałowski family, then it passed to the Dembiński family, and the last pre-war owner of the property was Maria Dembińska.

The buildings of the manor house complex in Witkowice were erected for the Lubieniecki family in 1797-1806, probably according to a design by Jakub Kubicki, one of the most outstanding architects during the reign of king Stanisław August Poniatowski. The church was relocated and at the same time as the construction of cubic structures a landscape park was designed in English style. The manor house, also called the palace, was slightly altered in the second half of the 19th century, replacing the east wing of the manor with a colonnaded portico with a driveway. It was also at that time that a granary was built and the park was altered. Some of the paths were liquidated, thus simplifying the park layout, and a row of hornbeams was planted on the eastern boundary of the park. In the second half of the 20th century, the condition of the manor house complex used by an agricultural school significantly deteriorated. In 1997, it was purchased by a private owner, who brought the complex to a perfect condition.

Description

The manor house complex is located in the eastern part of Ropczyce, previously it was located within the administrative boundaries of the village of Witkowice, which was incorporated into the town of Ropczyce. The complex adjoins a gorge to the north, a local road to the west, greenhouse buildings of the former agricultural school to the south, and arable fields to the east. It is a clearly discernible component visually distinctive in the landscape viewed from the E4 route.

The classicist manor is located in the southern part of the complex, at the end of the long axis formed by the entrance alley, preceded by an oval decorative lawn, framed by two outbuildings. It was built on a floor plan in the shape resembling a rectangle, with avant-corps on the axis of the front and garden façades, small symmetrical side avant-corps, and a portico with a driveway to the east and a wing lower than the palace body to the west. Its cuboidal single-storey body with a basemen is covered with a hip roof; at the front and on the side of the garden, it is embellished with avant-corps topped with gable roofs, attics over the side avant-corps, colonnaded portico with a driveway covered with a gable roof to the east and an avant-corps topped with a gable roof to the west, and a cuboidal west wing body covered with a gable roof. The manor house was made of brick and its roofs were clad with ceramic tiles. The front, southern façade of the manor is symmetrical, nine-axial, and features and three-axial central avant-corps preceded by stone stairs with vases in the railing of stringer stairs and one-axial side avant-corps. The north garden façade is nine-axial and designed similarly to the front façade. The east façade is dominated by an axially positioned portico with a driveway, supported by two masonry posts, whereas the west façade by an axial avant-corps. The façades of the west wing are decorated with frame-like divisions on the side of the garden and openings in arched niches at the front. The avant-corps, except the central avant-corps of the garden façade, were pierced by tall windows topped with semicircular arches; the remaining windows are rectangular and slightly lower. The façade of the manor are adorned with an imitation of rustication in plaster across the entire height, keystones over window openings, oculi and reliefs at the tops of the avant-corps on the axes of longer façades, stone plinth, and profiled and dentilled cornices under the eaves. The interior of the manor house was arranged symmetrically, with a vestibule and an oval living room on the axis, and a three-bay room layout. The living room features the preserved original panels, decorative frieze, columns with Ionic capitals, flattened dome with coffers and plafond in the middle, and decorative cornices.

The east outbuilding is located in the immediate vicinity of the manor house, perpendicularly to it, framing it to the east. The building was erected on a rectangular floor plan with avant-corps on the axes of longer façades on the axis; it consists of a single storey and basement, which are covered with a hip roof; it was built of brick and its roof is clad with ceramic tiles. It is characterised by modest decorations in the form of frame-like façade partitions and a profiled cornice under the eaves. The front façade is nine-axial, extended by the addition of a three-axial avant-corps surmounted by a gable with a window in a niche topped with a semicircular arch. The interior was altered and adapted to the needs of the owners.

The western outbuilding is located in the immediate vicinity of the manor house, perpendicularly to it, framing it to the west. The building features spatial and aesthetic solutions similar to those found in the eastern outbuilding.

One of the utility buildings mentioned in the relevant decision on the entry into the register of monuments no longer exists. East of the manor house, along its line, there is a preserved greenhouse-type or orangery-type garden building. It is a one-storey structure built on a plan in the shape of an elongated rectangle and covered with a gable roof; it was made of brick, covered with ceramic roof tiles, with large glazings in the southern wall.

The granary is located in the immediate vicinity of the manor house, adjacent to the west wing. It is a small structure built on a rectangular floor plan, covered with a gable roof, built of brick, clad with ceramic roof tiles, with a three-axial symmetrical front façade to the south and openings in rectangular niches topped with semicircular arches.

The utility building is located at the back of the eastern outbuilding and was built on an L-shaped floor plan; it consists of the main body and a single-storey wing, which are covered with gable roofs. It is a wooden log structure set on a stone foundation, with the roof clad with ceramic tiles. The openings in the façades were arranged irregularly; part of the façades are blind.

The landscape park features a modern layout at the same time as the construction of the manor house and outbuildings; it was compositionally coupled with them; its main axis extends beyond the palace in a northerly direction towards a lattice of meandering paths in English style. Old tree stands of native and foreign species, including an avenue of hornbeams, have survived within the area. The manor house can be accessed via an avenue of limes with an oval decorative lawn at the end.

No visitor access to the monument.

compiled by Mieczysław Kuś, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Opole, 12-12-2014.

Bibliography

  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012, s. 382-383
  • Figurniak S. Zespół pałacowo-parkowy w Witkowicach, w Podkarpacki Biuletyn konserwatorski, t. I, cz. 2, Przemyśl 2003
  • Śnieżyńska-Stolotowa E., Stolot F., Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, Warszawa 1978, s. 102-107
  • Polakowski S. Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012, s. 380-381
  • J. Piórecki, Zabytkowe ogrody i parki województwa rzeszowskiego, Bolestraszyce 1996, s. 131-134
  • Karta ewidencyjna: Pałac, oprac: Tur J., 1968 r., Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków Delegatury w Rzeszowie
  • Karta ewidencyjna: Oficyna I, oprac: Tur J., 1968 r., Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków Delegatury w Rzeszowie
  • Karta ewidencyjna: Oficyna II, oprac: Tur J., 1968 r., Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków Delegatury w Rzeszowie
  • Karta ewidencyjna: Zespół opałacowo-folwarczny, oprac: Andrałojć M., 1994 r., Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków Delegatury w Rzeszowie
  • Katalog parku w Witkowicach, oprac.: Stopa T., 1978 r., Archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków Delegatury w Rzeszowie

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 1797-1806
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Pałacowa 20, Ropczyce
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district ropczycko-sędziszowski, commune Ropczyce - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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