Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe - Zabytek.pl
woj. podkarpackie, pow. bieszczadzki, gm.
They are a unique example of relatively well-preserved temperate beech forests and show a wide range of structural patterns and ecological processes occurring in solid and mixed stands of common beech (Fagus sylvatica) under a variety of environmental conditions. These forests contain an invaluable genetic reservoir of beech and many other species that are associated with old-growth habitats. Therefore, the refuge areas have been documented by scientists through palaeoecological analysis and using the latest genetic coding techniques.
The Polish part of the property consists of four components: Połonina Wetlińska and Smerek, Border Ridge and Górna Solinka valley, and two valleys of the Terebowiec and Wołosatka streams. It covers a fragment of primeval beech forests in the Bieszczady National Park, under strict protection, with an area of about 3,300 ha, which is approx. 12% of the National Park’s area. The buffer zone of the World Heritage property is located within the boundaries of the Bieszczady National Park.
The decision to extend the property of Ancient and primeval beech forests of the Carpathians and other regions of Europe with another 15 new protected areas located in 10 countries, that include four areas of beech forest from the Bieszczady National Park in Poland, was taken by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee during the 44. session held in July 2021 in China.
Entry made on the basis of criterion IX:
“Outstanding examples representing significant ongoing ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals.”
The serial nomination ‘Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathian and Other Regions of Europe’ comprises outstanding examples of the evolutionary and developmental processes of beech forests since the last glacial period, giving rise to a terrestrial ecosystem that has shaped an entire continent in a globally unique manner. In addition to the inscribed component parts of the ‘Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathian and Other Regions of Europe’, the newly nominated beech forests in 30 component parts and 10 countries will enhance the existing World Heritage property to give an overall and comprehensive picture of the European postglacial development process of beech forest. With this extension, all glacial refuge areas and genotypes of beech are covered, enhancing significantly the integrity of the existing property.
The property is accessible to visitors.
Protection: UNESCO World Heritage
Inspire id: PL.1.9.ZIPOZ.NID_N_18_UN.2164