Manor farm, Potryty
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Within the manor farm, there operates one of the last mills in the region with historical equipment, a full technological process of a rye mill and a complete water power system. The same barrage feeds also a former sawmill with water plant.

History

History of the village and the estate in Potryty dates back to the Middle Ages. From the 16th century, the estate had belonged to the Troszke family, from the 18th century — it remained in possession of the Helden-Gąsiorowski family who ordered to build the manor house and outbuilding (existing up to this day), and the manor farm. Since approx. 1820, Potryty had been owned by the Marquardt family. In 1879, a crop mill and a sawmill operated within the manor farm. The estate stretched then within the area of more than 270 ha. Horses, cattle, sheep, and pigs were bred in the manor farm. The estate remained in the same hands over decades. In the early 20th century, the mill and sawmill were leased. The condition of the barrage was stable over the centuries, which was conducive to operations of the mill. In the 19th century, a new mill, sawmill, and accompanying structures and hydro-technical facilities were built. The mill received its final shape and fittings in 1926. In that year it was built and equipped according to designs of a specialised company from Braunschweig, "Amme-Giesecke-Konegen", as an example of its flagship projects.After the World War II was ended, the manor farm was nationalised. The mill operated intermittently in line with the original purpose, and a water plant was launched in the sawmill. After 1989, the manor farm was managed by the Agriculture Property Agency of the State Treasury. The industrial buildings were operated with the use of historical equipment: the sawmill until the 1970s (since the 1990s, as a small water plant), and the mill, intermittently, until the 1990s.

Description

The manor house and farm complex is located within ca. 10 km to the north-west from Jeziorany. The complex is situated on the river Symsarna, which delimits its north-eastern border. The route leading to Modliny runs through the centre of the complex, on the mill causeway (on the north-south axis), with buildings standing along it. The western border is defined by stables. Between the manor farm and the manor house there are remains of a park. The dominating point of the manor farm section is constituted by a mill.The manor house and farm complex include: manor house, outbuilding, semi-detached servants’ quarters with four and five individual apartments, shrine and residential and utility buildings (21 structures were entered to the register of monuments. In historical terms, the following elements within the complex are worth particular attention: manor house (a Baroque building erected probably on medieval foundation), outbuilding (18th century), and the complex of production buildings using the river Symsara (mill with a miller's house and a sawmill) with accompanying buildings and hydro-technical facilities (causeway, weir, turbine chambers). The bridge, which was built recently, has been dismantled. The mill and sawmill are located at the ends of an approx. 70 m long causeway, which banks up water in the river Symsara, creating a reservoir (mill pond). In the middle of the causeway, there is a weir and two working channels — for the mill and the sawmill. The mill houses preserved historical equipment: in the basement, there is a Francis turbine with a horizontal shaft (double, in a spiral). On the upper storeys — there are a transmission system, cleaning and sorting machines, a scale, hoppers with baggers, grinders and other appliances; a vertical transport system also survived until today. The mill and the miller's house are made of brick. They feature modest architectural detail, also of brick (lesenes, cornices, blind windows). The sawmill houses preserved historical turbines. It is a wood and brick structure (turbine chambers), used as a small water plant. The buildings of the mill and sawmill are reminiscent of industrial architecture of the turn of the 19th and 20th century. Nowadays, the machines were powered with electricity. The mill is not used today. A couple of buildings within the historical manor farm complex were dismantled.

Accessible structure. The building may be seen from outside. Since the manor farm, including both the sawmill and the mill, have private owners, the interiors are available upon arrangement with them.

Compiled by Maurycy Domino, 8.12.2014.



Bibliography

  • Karty ewidencyjne zabytków architektury i budownictwa, Młyn w Potrytach (wraz z urządzeniami), oprac. Chodkowska W. (1994 r.), Budych L. (1996), archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Olsztynie
  • Jackiewicz-Garniec M., Garniec M., Pałace i dwory dawnych Prus Wschodnich. Dobra utracone czy ocalone, Olsztyn 2001, s. 9, 334.
  • Płoski A., Historyczna infrastruktura wodna Warmii i Mazur, „Warmińsko-Mazurski Biuletyn Konserwatorski” 2014, nr 6, s. 88.

General information

  • Type: utility building
  • Chronology: XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Potryty
  • Location: Voivodeship warmińsko-mazurskie, district olsztyński, commune Jeziorany - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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