5 burial mounds, Polkajny
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
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An example of multicultural cremation necropolis (5 burial mounds).

Location and description

The site is located in a forest, to the south-west from the buildings of the former PGR Stolno (State Agricultural Holding Stolno) and to the north-east from the Głodówko village, from which the site may be accessed by a dirt road running on the rampart constituting the edge of the valley of the river Miłakówka. The cemetery is formed by a group of five burial mounds with diameter of 12-13 m and height of up to 2 m. The barrows of four mounds are distinctly visible in the landscape, while the mound located within a certain distance from the others is lower and not so well visible. Part of the mounds bear signs of damages, caused among other things by the cemetery of the von Kunheim family and a trench from the World War II.

History

Part of the graveyard (burial mound 1), was initially used by members of the Lusatian culture, and thereafter by the Wielbark culture, while the burial mounds 2 and 5 represented a number of stages of burials carried out by the Western Baltic Barrow culture. The graveyard was used from the second half of the 3rd period of the Bronze Age to the early 3rd age A.C.

The site was discovered in 1928.

Condition and results of archaeological research

The first excavations were carried out in 1964 by J. Dąbrowski from the Institute of History of Material Culture of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Kraków, in connection with a planned deforestation. One burial mound, signed with number 5, whose central part was destroyed with a trench from the World War II, was examined. Four cremation graves were found within the structure, located on the verge of the mound, as well as traces of the destroyed central burial. On the basis of collected historical material it was determined that the burial mound was used in the Hallstatt period and in the early La Tène period by the population of the Western Baltic Barrow culture. Surface surveys conducted in 1988 on the site revealed that the cemetery was breached by plundering dig-ins. In years 1989-1990, for fear of further devastation, A. Waluś, on behalf, of the University of Warsaw, carried out rescue excavations on burial mounds 1 and 2. In the mound 1, twenty one urn burials and nine cremation burials without urns belonging to the Lusatian culture were discovered, a destroyed grave of the Western Baltic Barrow culture, and a cremation burial without urn of the Wielbark culture. The mound 2 contained seven cremation burials with and without urns, as well as signs of five destroyed burials — all connected with the Western Baltic Barrow culture.

Access to the cemetery is difficult because of the location of the site. Historical materials collected during examinations are stored in the Institute of Archeology of the University of Warsaw.

Compiled by Hanna Mackiewicz, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board in Olsztyn, 5 August 2014

 

Bibliography

  • Crome J. Ausgrabungen und besichtigungen im jahre 1928, Zeitschrift fur Heimatkunde und heimatschutz, 1928, 28, s. 375-385
  • Mogielnicka-Urban M., Kurhan z wczesnej epoki żelaza w Stolnie, gmina Miłakowo, Rocznik Olsztynski XII/XIII, 1981, s. 115-147
  • Waluś A., Kowalewska B., Kurhan I i II z cmentarzyska w Stolnie, gm. Miłakowo, 3woj warmińsko-mazurskie [w:] Materiały kultury łużyckiej, kultury kurhanów zachodniobałtyjskich i kultury wielbarskiej, Warszawa 1999
  • A. Waluś, Cmentarzysko kurhanowe w Piórkowie, woj. elbląskie w świetle prac wykopaliskowych przeprowadzonych w latach 1984 - 1987 [w:] Barbaricum ’92, tom 2 Studia z archeologii ludów barbarzyńskich z wybrzeży Bałtyku i dorzecza Wisły, W-wa 1992, s. 39-41.
 

General information

  • Type: Barrow
  • Chronology: III okres epoki brązu – początek III w. n.e.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Polkajny
  • Location: Voivodeship warmińsko-mazurskie, district ostródzki, commune Miłakowo - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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