Palace, Pawłowicze
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
photo

The feature is one of the few brick palaces from the early 17th century that have survived in the Podlaskie Voivodeship. It has historical values due to its founders: a wealthy Wołłowicz family, owners of vast estates. The Wołłowicz family comprised outstanding magnates of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. They colonised vast areas of the current Podlaskie Voivodeship, established villages and towns, founded parishes, built churches, tserkvas and congregations. The Wołłowicz family played a primary role in the history of Podlaskie Voivodeship.

History

The structure was built by Paweł Wołłowicz (died 1630), Chamberlain of Grodno (1600-1615), Mayor of Grodno (1601-1623), Starost of Grodno (1615-1630) and Court Vice-Treasurer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1619. He was, among others, a brother of Eustachy Wołłowicz - a bishop of Vilnius in the years 1616-1630 - and Hieronim Wołłowicz (died 1643) - a Lithuanian Vice-Chancellor, General Starost of Samogitia and one of the wealthiest magnates of the then Republic of Poland. The palace was erected in 1610, and in the 18th century, it obtained a Classicist body. In 1910, on its 300th anniversary, a general renovation of the feature took place, as attested by a stone laid to commemorate this event. The World War II and the following period contributed to the devastation of the feature and the park surroundings. Only in the 1960s, upon supervision of the Regional Monument Inspector Władysław Paszkowski, was the feature reconstructed and obtained a current costume, more resembling of the Renaissance style. Remnants of the auxiliary buildings have also survived. A primary school functioned in the building; it was closed several years ago.

Description

The palace is made of brick and stone, plastered. Erected on an elongated rectangular plan, the building has two-storeys and is covered with a tall hip roof. A rusticated ground floor with the entrance on the central axis and six-panel windows symmetrically arranged on both sides. Storeys are partitioned by a simple string course. A representative storey, with large windows and porte-fenêtre terminated with a balcony along the central axis. Above, there is a triangular pediment circumscribed with a cornice with acanthus brackets and a semi-circular window in the field. Windows and doors in decorative, profiled surrounds. Façades are crowned with a frieze with rose window and triglyph motifs and a pronounced, profiled cornice resting on brackets. A two-bay interior layout; a three-bay layout along extreme axes. A front façade includes a foundation plaque with an inscription and the coat of arms of the Wołłowicz family - Bogoria - of 1610. Two outbuildings were located on both sides of the palace.

compiled by Grzegorz Ryżewski, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Bialystok, 28-08-2014.

Bibliography

  • Ryżewski G., Zabytkowe siedziby szlacheckie Sokólszczyzny - historia i stan obecny, [w:] Kotowicz-Borowy I. (red.), Drobna szlachta dawniej i dziś, Ciechanów 2009, s. 115-117.

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1610 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Pawłowicze 28
  • Location: Voivodeship podlaskie, district sokólski, commune Kuźnica
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

Licence:

report issue with this site

Geoportal Map

Google Map

See also in this area