Palace complex, Objezierze
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The palace complex in Objezierze is an interesting example of a classical nobility residence in Greater Poland, extended in the early 20th century. The patriotic Turno family invited many prominent Polish people to the palace, e.g. Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Adam Mickiewicz, Stefan Garczyński, Wincenty Pol, Narcyza Żmichowska, Władysław Syrokomla, Józef Ignacy Kraszewski, Bibianna Moraczewska, and Marceli Motty.

History

The village of Objezierze was mentioned as the property of a Poznań monastery of the Order of Malta in documents dating from 1218. From the 14th to the 18th century, it was owned by the Nałęcz-Objezierski family, from the mid-18th century — by the Węgorzewski family, subsequently, through inheritance — by the Kwilecki family, and from 1828 — the Turno family. The palace was built in c. 1792-1798 for Aniela née Kwilecki, the wife of General Wojciech Węgorzewski, probably according to a design by Antoni Hoehne, who drew on the architectural concept developed by Jan Krystian Krystian Kamzetzer for a nearby palace in Sierniki. In 1828, Helena Kwilecki brought the estate to the Turno family as part of her dowry. In 1841, the owner of the estate, Wincenty Turno, had the attic and the roof modified through the addition of a low mezzanine, a portico, and a drawing room on the first floor (according to a design by the architect Aleksander d'Alphonse de Saint-Omer). In the years 1905-1906, when the owner of the estate was Stanisław Turno, single-axis side wings designed by Stanisław Borecki were built on the main body of the palace. At present, the palace houses a school. A gardener’s house was built in the late 18th century and extended in c. 1910. A building functioning as a carriage house and garage was built in c. 1910 and modified in c. 1978.

In 1804, Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz stayed in the palace as a guest of Aniela Węgorzewska née Kwilecki. Patriotic traditions were also kept up by the next owners — the Turno family. Hipolit Turno, a participant in the January Uprising and a member of a Prussian Estate (Polish: sejm pruski), gathered an impressive collection of works of art, books, and archival materials in Objezierze.

During World War II, the palace and the entire estate were confiscated by the Germans and given for use to Arthur Greiser, a gauleiter of the Reichsgau Wartheland. Today, the palace complex houses a group of schools.

Description

The village of Objezierze is located 5 km to the south-west of Obornik. The classical palace in Objezierze, built on a rectangular floor plan, is oriented to the west, towards the Parish Church of St Bartholomew. It has brick walls covered with plaster; the capitals of columns and pilasters are made of sandstone.

It is a two-storeyed building with a basement, with a low second floor in the attic of the corps de logis. In the years 1905-1906, the corps de logis was extended with one-axis side wings, slightly recessed in relation to the façades. Originally, the front façade had seven axes, the garden façade — nine axes, and the side façades — five axes. The dominant feature of the front façade is a four-column portico and the dominant feature of the garden façade is a corresponding three-sided avant-corps. The interior was significantly modified in 1841 and in 1905-1906. On the ground floor, on the central axis, there is a vestibule (a former portico niche was closed with a wall in 1841); further, there is an entrance hall and then a round drawing room with a post supporting the ceiling in the centre. On both sides of the drawing room, there are rooms arranged into three bays. To the left of the hall, there is a staircase with an arch adorned with a keystone and classical decorations from the late 18th century; there are similar arches on the landing. On the first floor, there are elegant rooms which were intended for the eyes of guests: above the round drawing room, there is a rotunda room, spanning also the mezzanine storey; it is embellished with pseudo-classical decorations from 1905-1906. To the east of the rotunda room, there is a drawing room, reduced in size by the addition of a partition wall in 1841. It features rich stucco decorations, partially original, from 1798, and partially added at a later time, in 1905. On one of the panels, there is a signature of the stucco artist, R. Friedel, with the date “1905”.

The palace is surrounded by a landscape park, stretching along the north-south axis. In its south-eastern part, there is a gardener’s house. To the north-west of the palace, there is a carriage and garage building. The patriotic sentiments of the Turno family are also noticeable in the park. In 1817, they built a 2 metres high earth mound commemorating the death of Tadeusz Kościuszko (Naczelnik, i.e. commander-in-chief, of the Kościuszko Uprising of 1794) in its southern part. In 1867, Józef Ignacy Kraszewski, who was staying at the palace as a guest, planted a commemorative lime tree in honour of Kościuszko by the mound.

The wall, made of brick and plastered, encloses the park on the north and west sides. Its design, commissioned by the contemporary owner of Objezierze, Stanisław Turno, was prepared by the architect Stanisław Borecki.

The palace complex can only be visited from the outside.

compiled by Tomasz Łuczak, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Poznan, 16-11-2015.

Bibliography

  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, t. 5, Woj. wielkopolskie, red. Ruszczyńska Teresa, Sławska Aniela, z. 15, Pow. obornicki, opr. Galicka Izabella, Kaczorowska Irena, Sygietyńska Hanna, Warszawa 1965, s. 9-10.
  • Klasycyzm w Wielkopolsce, Poznań 2008, s. 192.
  • Objezierze - pałac, Karta ewidencyjna zabytków architektury i budownictwa, oprac. Robert Kamiński, 1984, Archiwum Wielkopolskiego Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Poznaniu.
  • Objezierze - dom mieszkalny tzw. Dom ogrodnika, Karta ewidencyjna zabytków architektury i budownictwa, oprac. Jędrzej Stępniak, 1994, Archiwum Wielkopolskiego Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Poznaniu.
  • Objezierze - garaż i wozownia ob. szkoła, Karta ewidencyjna zabytków architektury i budownictwa, oprac. Ewa Siejkowska Askutja, 1984, Archiwum Wielkopolskiego Wojewódzkiego Konserwatora Zabytków w Poznaniu.

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1792-1798
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Objezierze 3
  • Location: Voivodeship wielkopolskie, district obornicki, commune Oborniki - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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