Palace complex, Nozdrzec
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The complex consists of a palace, an outbuilding, a chapel and a park and constitutes a representational example on the regional scale. It is distinctive for a harmonious, Classicist form of the palace and its highly picturesque location on an elevated escarpment stretching over the San river bank.

History

The palace in Nozdrzec was erected in 1843 upon initiative of Count Ludwik Skrzyński, following the idea of Seweryn Fredro, an amateur architect. It was built within the bastion fortifications in place of a former defensive manor from the 17th century and a manor house erected in the second half of the 18th century. At the same time, the palace gardens were arranged, two palace outbuildings and a manor farm were built. In the 1880s the palace was altered and equipped with Neo-Mannerist gables and window headers, a mansard roof and a turret with crenellation. In 1889, in the southern part of the complex, a Neo-Rococo palace chapel was built. It has survived in a virtually unchanged form. During World War I the palace was destroyed and the interior was burned down. It was rebuilt in a much simplified form, closer to the original from before the alterations. After 1945 the palace fell into considerable neglect; for many years it served a warehouse for artificial fertilizers and housed offices of the Commune Cooperative. In 1970 it was taken over by the Krosno Glassworks and adapted to serve as a recreation centre, after a full-scale renovation conducted in the years 1980-1988.

Description

The palace complex is located in the southern part of the village; it is restricted in the west by the Dynów-Grabownica road, in the east by a steep slope of the San river valley, in the north it borders on utility development and with arable fields in the south.

The palace was built in the eastern part of the complex, on a tall escarpment, along the axis of the entrance to the complex, on a floor plan similar to a rectangle. The palace includes two side avant-corps and a central avant-corps along the axis. The body is diversified and has one storey. The avant-corps are two-storey buildings. The corpus includes a corner, two-storey rotund and an adjoining round turret protruding over the roof. The palace has a basement and is covered with a mansard roof with transverse, gable roofs over the avant-corps and two dormers at the front. The palace is made of brick and rests on basements made of quarry stone; the roofs are clad with copper sheet. The symmetric front, west façade has eleven axes and features a three-axis central avant-corps and single-axis extreme avant-corps crowned with triangular pediments. Its axis is accentuated by a recessed portico in the giant order with two columns featuring fluted shafts. The west, garden façade is asymmetric and features a single-axis, two-storey avant-corps in the south and a corner, two-storey rotund in the north; in between, there are windows and two loggias along eleven axes. A two-storey rotund and a pillar-based loggia on the ground floor draw attention to the north façade. Inside, partially altered during adaptation works, three longitudinal bays are visible. Only a fireplace in the drawing room has survived as an original decoration of the interior.

The outbuilding is located in the immediate vicinity of the manor house, to the south. The building was erected on floor plan of a regular rectangle, has one storey and a hip roof with recesses over two gables at the front. Made of brick, covered with a roof clad with ceramic roof tiles, the outbuilding features modest decorations in the form of flat window surrounds with a cornice over the windows on the west façade and over semi-circularly terminating windows in gables of the front façade as well as a profiled crowning cornice. The interior has preserved its clear layout with three longitudinal bays with a pass-through vestibule running along the entire building.

The chapel is located in the south-eastern part of the complex, on a fortified tower which is a relic of the former defensive manor. It is a small feature, erected on an elongated octagonal plan. It has one storey, one bay and vaulted crypt under the nave. Its slender body is covered with a multi-faceted roof with a decorative gable at the front. The building is made of brick, while the roof is clad with interlocking sheet. Facades are symmetric and feature frame decorations: a plinth supporting pilasters braced by two strips of cornice as well as rectangular windows terminating in a semi-circle. The entrance is accentuated by a gable with a parapet including a row of panels and a decorative pediment containing the construction date of the chapel as well as steps and a forged balustrade. Stuccowork, pilasters with composite capitals as well as a coffer vault with an imitation of the sky in the middle have survived in the interior.

The landscape park has survived only in a residual form. Out of former extensive gardens in an English style only a cluster of pronounced ash trees at the manor chapel, a gingko tree at the palace front and single trees at the outbuilding have survived.

The complex is partially accessible. A hotel and a restaurant function in the palace; the outbuilding is out of use.

compiled by Barbara Potera, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 13-11-2014.

Bibliography

  • R. Aftanazy, Dzieje rezydencji na dawnych kresach Rzeczpospolitej, t. 8, Wrocław, Warszawa, Kraków 1996
  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012
  • Polakowski S. Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012,
  • J. Piórecki, Zabytkowe ogrody i parki województwa krośnieńskiego, Bolestraszyce 1998
  • Karty ewidencyjne zabytku architektury i budownictwa, tzw. białe, do budynków: pałacu, oficyny i kaplicy, autor: B. Bosak, 2003 r., archiwum UOZ Krosno

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 1843 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Nozdrzec
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district brzozowski, commune Nozdrzec
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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