Manor house and farm complex, Nienadowa
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Manor house and farm complex

Nienadowa

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The complex, consisting of a manor house, an outbuilding, a guardhouse, a cowshed, a granary, a smithy, a depository, a distillery, a living quarter and a park, represents an example of an elaborate manor complex bearing unique value on the regional scale. It is distinctive for its harmonious, Classicist form of the manor house and a relatively good state of conservation of other component parts of the complex.

History

The oldest relics of the manor complex in Nienadowa are the 17th-century basements of the residence built at the initiative of the Dubrawski family, found underneath the Classicist manor house, erected owing to Antoni Dembiński in 1809, probably to the design of Christian Piotr Aigner. The building replaced the former wooden manor house, bearing Classicist features and with similar dimensions as the subsequent one. At the same time, the landscape park was established in place of former formal gardens. Not long before the mid-19th century the manor house was reconstructed and an outbuilding was added. It was also in the 19th century that the other buildings of the manor complex, preserved to this day, were built: a guardhouse, a cowshed, a granary and a living quarter. In the late 19th century the manor house was reconstructed again, similarly as the outbuilding and the guardhouse.

At the beginning of the 20th century, when the complex was owned by Stanisław Mycielski, the manor farm was reconstructed and new utility buildings were added, among others, the historic distillery preserved to our times. The Mycielski family were the last pre-war owners of the manor complex. The entire complex suffered significant damages during World War II, while after 1945 the rebuilt structures were adapted to new purposes and began housing the Agricultural Modernisation School. In 1977 the complex was taken over by the Ministry of Culture and Art for the purpose of establishing a House of Creative Work there, therefore a renovation began. However, after the takeover of the complex by the Voivode of Przemyśl in 1989, it was sold to SPOMASZ, currently KAMAX Machines Factory of Kańczuga and the renovation was not completed. Currently, the manor complex is out of use, having been owned by the Przemyśl Poviat since 2001.

Description

The manor house and farm complex is situated in the southern part of the village; it is restricted in the south by the San river valley, while on other sides it is surrounded by village buildings and arable fields.

A Classicist manor house was built in the central part of the complex, at the end of an axis formed by the entrance alley, on a rectangular floor plan with two avant-corps in the south. The one-storey body, made of brick, with a basement underneath, covered with ceramic roof tiles, is diversified at the front by a recessed portico in the Giant Order, covered with a gable roof and three secondary dormers in the southern part of the roof slope. The front façade of the manor house, facing to the north, has nine axes and features a three-axis recessed portico containing a small mezzanine and entablature in a Doric Order, resting atop four columns slightly protruding ahead of the wall’s face. The south façade, facing to the garden, has eight axes and two symmetric, deep avant-corps; the east façade has four axes, while the west façade has five axes; all façades have modest decoration in the form of chambranle window surrounds and a keystone as well as a profiled cornice under the eaves, resting on stone cubes. The interior includes three clear longitudinal bays and three transverse bays, with a hall and a drawing room along the axis.

The outbuilding is located in the immediate vicinity of the manor house, in the north-eastern part of the complex. The building was made of brick and stone on the L-shaped floor plan, with small, secondary annexes in the north, south and west; it has one storey, is covered with a multi-pitched roof clad with cement roof tiles and has modest decoration in the form of window surrounds and a profiled cornice inserted under the eaves. The interior, initially with a clear, two-bay arrangement, was altered by introducing secondary partitions.

The guardhouse is a gate building located at the main gate to the complex, linked to the northern wall of the outbuilding. It was made of brick on a floor plan approximating that of a rectangle. It has two storeys and is covered with a hip roof with small mansards over avant-corps in the eastern part of the roof slope, covered with interlocking sheet metal. The front façade is adorned with a colonnaded portico with four Tuscan columns and a terrace on the first floor; windows on all storeys are framed with flat surrounds. Storeys are partitioned by a pronounced profiled cornice, which gives way to a crowning cornice below the upward extension.

The cowshed is located within the manor farm area. It was made of brick on a horseshoe plan as a one-storey building of a considerable size and a simple body with an avant-corps positioned along the axis of the central part. It is covered with gable roofs with pediments, clad with cement roof tiles, and includes rhythmically arranged openings on long façades.

The granary is situated at a certain distance from the manor house, to the north-west, in the utility part of the complex. It was made of brick on a rectangular floor plan and has a basement underneath. It is partitioned by wooden ceilings into two single-space storeys with a usable attic, covered with a half-hip roof clad with cement roof tiles. The façades, with a rhythmical arrangement of small windows on two storeys and with simple window headers, are braced on corners with lesenes connected with a strip of plain frieze.

The distillery is located outside the manor complex, east of the manor house, on the northern side of the road leading to Bircza. The building comprises several component parts: the main cuboidal, two-storey body erected on a rectangular floor plan, covered with a gable roof; an avant-corps in the north, set on a rectangular floor plan, with a cuboidal, single-space body topped with a gable roof and a roof ridge perpendicular to the main body; two one-storey annexes set on a rectangular floor plan, covered with mono-pitched roofs. The façades include window openings of a different size and shape as well as details carved in brick: window headers, lesenes on corners, stepped battens on gables and strips of inter-storey cornice on end walls, all painted in the same colour as the walls.

The smithy is located north of the manor house, on the western side of an access alley, connected to the western guardhouse. A simple, one-storey, brick building, erected on a rectangular floor plan, is covered with a gable roof clad with cement roof tiles.

The living quarter is located to the east of the distillery. It is a modest structure made of brick, set on a rectangular floor plan, with a cuboidal body covered with a hip roof clad with cement roof tiles. Its façades lack any decorations; the longer ones have six axes; the interior was planned typically for such facilities and contains four apartments.

The landscape park was established as a single-axis arrangement on three terraces lowering towards the San river. Old tree stands of native and foreign species as well as the pond have survived within the area.

The manor constitutes property of the Poviat; currently, it is out of use.

compiled by Barbara Potera, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 31-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012, s. 80
  • Polakowski S. Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012, s. 157-158
  • J. Piórecki, Zabytkowe ogrody i parki województwa przemyskiego, Rzeszów 1989, s. 107-108
  • Karty ewidencyjne zabytku architektury i budownictwa, tzw. białe, do budynków: dworu, oficyny, kordegardy, obory, gorzelni i czworaku, autor: K. Tur, 2004 r., archiwum UOZ Przemyśl

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 1809 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Nienadowa
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district przemyski, commune Dubiecko
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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