Palace and park complex, Narol
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Palace and park complex

Narol

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The complex consists of a palace, two pavilions, a gate with two guardhouses and a park with access and viewing paths. It represents an example of the Baroque-Classicist residential palace architecture with unique architectural and landscape values, as it is the only such complex in the Podkarpackie Voivodeship and additionally, it bears outstanding features on the national scale.

History

In the years 1776-1781, upon initiative of Feliks Antoni Łoś, a Palladian palace complex was erected to the design of Giovanni Columbani. The complex was erected to reflect the spirit of the epoch, aligning its elements along a single axis. A park, designed by Norbert Hammerschmidt, complemented the architectural part by forming a spatially and ideologically coherent structure. During the January Uprising in 1863 the roof of the palace, parts of its interior and, above all, its immensely valuable fittings: paintings, furniture and books, burned down. In 1870 the palace was reconstructed and some rooms obtained new décor. The palace was destroyed and plundered by Austrian and Russian troops during World War I; for some time it housed a hospital for infectious diseases of the Austrian Red Cross. It was rebuilt again in 1920 by efforts of Jadwiga and Władysław Kortytowski. However, in September 1939 it was plundered again. During the Soviet occupation of 1939-1941 its architectural structure suffered damages, whereas the Germans arranged a post of the German border guards in the palace. The palace suffered ultimate destruction as a result of a fire caused by the Security Service’s gunfire targeted at the National Army troops. The entire complex fell into disrepair. In 1950 renovation works began and have lasted, with interruptions, until now. Since 1995 the palace complex has been managed by the “Pro Akademia Narolense” foundation, whose aim is to arrange here an art academy with hotel facilities.

Description

The Late Baroque complex with elements of Classicism

The palace and park complex is situated north of the chartered town, at a distance of approx. 1,5 km. Buildings are grouped in the middle part of the complex, around cour d'honneur. A palace, whose front faces to the south, constitutes a central element of this axial arrangement. It was erected on a rectangular floor plan with two shallow, rectangular, extreme avant-corps and polygonal central avant-corps. Its cuboidal, two-storey body is covered with a gable roof; the avant-corps are topped with mansard roofs. Walls are made of stone and brick; ceilings are of a secondary origin, made of reinforced concrete; the roof is covered with ceramic roof tiles.

The front (south) façade has fifteen axes; it is symmetric and partitioned by shallow avant-corps on the sides and a polygonal avant-corps along the axis; the thirteen-axis garden (north) façade was arranged analogously. East and west façades are identical, symmetric and contain six axes. All façades are embellished with rustications on corners, window headers and window sills, flat window surrounds and plaster strips on the ground floor. The entire body is circumscribed by a profiled, elaborate cornice between the storeys and crowned with a string course. At the front, the avant-corps are crowned with parapet walls containing vases.

The layout of rooms in the interior is a two-bay one, with an octagonal vestibule and an octagonal drawing room along the axis; historic fittings of the palace have not survived.

Pavilion I, the so-called East Pavilion, is located south-east of the palace and is connected to it by means of a Palladian, quarter-elliptical, arcaded gallery. It is a small, brick building, set on a rectangular floor plan, with a cuboidal body covered with a mansard roof clad with ceramic roof tiles, with frame decorations of walls analogous to the palace, and a parapet crowning over the entrance along the front façade’s axis.

Pavilion II, the so-called West Pavilion, is located south-west of the palace; it is also connected to it by means of an arcaded gallery and its form is analogical to the East Pavilion.

A gateway is situated along the axis of the entrance to the palace courtyard, in a masonry fence, which links it with two guardhouses on its both sides. A brick gateway has a form of a triumphal arch with a tall, arcaded passage crowned with a triangular pediment and two rectangular side passages; it is decorated with pilasters, cornices, a triangular pediment with a round clearance featuring a metal crucifix and a stone flower pot with sculpted decorations in the gable.

Guardhouses constitute elements of an elaborate gateway complex: they are located on both sides of a screen gate and connected with it by sections of a wall with an irregular course. These small features were erected on a hexagonal floor plan and are characterised with a prism-like body featuring two storeys; they are topped with cupola-like, six-sloped roofs clad with sheet metal and crowned with spires with copper spheres. Façades are embellished with rustications on corners, flat window surrounds with keystones and profiled cornices.

The park, established in the style of an Italian formal garden, has preserved its original form. When we take a look at the plantings, albeit extensively overgrown, we will see the arrangement of the parterre along the complex axis in the garden part, garden quarters and alleys running outwards the complex in different directions. Elements of garden architecture have not survived.

The palace complex is managed by “Pro Akademia Narolense” foundation; the palace is undergoing renovation; thus, the area is unavailable to visitors.

compiled by Barbara Potera, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 24-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012, s. 296-298
  • Polakowski S., Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012, s. 239-241
  • Aftanazy R., Dzieje rezydencji na dawnych kresach Rzeczypospolitej, t. 6, Ossolineum, 1995, s.143-159
  • Karty ewidencyjne zabytku architektury i budownictwa, tzw. białe, opracowana dla: pałacu, pawilonu wschodniego, pawilonu zachodniego, kordegardy wschodniej, kordegardy zachodniej, bramy, autor: mgr Zofia Kostka-Bieńkowska, 1997 r., archiwum UOZ Przemyśl

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: 1776-1781
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Narol
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district lubaczowski, commune Narol - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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