Hillfort, Molestowice
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
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The site has played an important role in the history of the development of the village. The well-preserved hill fort has features typical of that type of historic monument, i.e., a discernible cone and moat.

Location and description

The hill fort is located in the central part of the village, on the southern side of the road leading to Szydłowiec Śląski, near the buildings of the former estate.

The conical hill fort is set on a quadrilateral plan, with rounded corners. The cone at the base has the shape of an irregular circle measuring approx. 22 m in dimeter. It has a steep and partly walled-in slopes and is surrounded by a moat, currently filled with water and also walled in. The height of the cone in relation to the surrounding area is 2 m. The hill fort is overgrown with trees (massive oaks on the cone and on the southern edge of the moat) and adapted for recreational functions. There was probably a watchtower in the centre. At present, the area of the hill for is fenced along the outer edge of the moat, and the cone can be accessed via two bridges over the moat. The usable area is adapted for recreational purposes, with a place for bonfires and wooden benches.

History

The time of establishment and usage of the hill fort are difficult to determine because the next excavations revealed ceramics both from the 15th century and from the second half of the 13th century to the early 16th century.

The monument is linked with a legend about a local cruel knight-robber who attacked neighbouring villages and once abducted beautiful Molesta from one of the them. The girl did not reciprocate the feelings of the robber who locked her in the tower in the hill fort. One day when climbing up the tower, he fell and died. Molesta survived the slavery, and the inhabitants named the village after her.

Condition and results of archaeological research

The hill fort in Molestowice was discovered for science by Georg Raschke in the interwar period in 1935. A surface survey was carried out at the site by M. Hellmich before 1945. In 1958, surveys were made by Józef Kaźmierczyk and Klemens Macewicz, who found dozens of fragments of vessels dating from the second half of the 13th century to the early 16th century and fragments of animal bones, bricks, pugging, etc. four years later.

The monument is open to visitors and adapted for recreational purposes. Monuments are kept at the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Wrocław and the Museum of Opole Silesia in Opole.

compiled by Magdalena Przysiężna-Pizarska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Opole.

Bibliography

  • Kaźmierczyk J., Macewicz K., Wuszkan S., Studia i materiały do osadnictwa Opolszczyzny wczesnośredniowiecznej, Opole 1977, pp. 305-307.
  • Tomczak E., Mało znane warownie Górnego Śląska, Katowice 2012, pp. 126-127

General information

  • Type: hillfort
  • Chronology: poł. XIII w. - początek XVI w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Molestowice
  • Location: Voivodeship opolskie, district opolski, commune Niemodlin - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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