Palace, Mielec
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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The palace in Mielec is an example of residential architecture of the region.

History

The history of the manor complex in Mielec dates back to early 15th century when a wooden defensive manor was built. Later, it was replaced with a masonry castle, erected probably upon initiative of Stanisław Mielecki in 1529. The fortress was destroyed by Swedish troops in 1655 and finally demolished in the 18th century. In the early 19th century a one-storey manor house was built. It was expanded in the late 19th century at the initiative of Oborski Count family, to the design of Kazimierz Hołubowicz, bestowing it with a character of an urban villa in the garden. The expansion was completed in 1905. At that time, a landscape park was planned around using the remains of earlier gardens. In 1939 the palace was partially reconstructed by altering the form of some roofs. In the 1960s the roofs were covered with sheet metal. At the end of the 20th century a full-scale renovation of the feature was carried out, thus bringing back its former glory.

Description

The palace is situated outside the compact development of Mielec, approx. 650 m west from the location town with a market square. It is surrounded by a landscape park functioning as a municipal park. An immensely picturesque building, combining elements of the Swiss spa style with a form of a hunting palace, consists of a manor house body from the 19th century and an eclectic expanded part from the turn of the 19th and 20th century. The body is fragmented, consisting of one or two storeys, made of brick, with the older part covered with a Polish mansard hip roof and the added part covered with a multi-hipped roof with pediments, mansards, soaring roof cover of the tower and small dormers with pyramidal roofs clad with ceramic roof tiles. The front, east façade is asymmetric, fragmented and features the main entrance in a strongly recessed niche framed by taller sections: with a polygonal avant-corps in the south and a square terrace resting on two columns in the north. The south façade consists of two segments: a six-axis, one-storey segment and a three-axis, two-storey one, both covered with separate roofs. The west façade has five axes and features an entrance avant-corps in the middle. It is the only symmetric façade. The north façade is composed of two parts: an asymmetric, freely arranged east part with irregularly positioned openings on two storeys and a symmetric west part with six axes and one storey. Facades feature decorations in the form of rustication on corners of the newer part, a lesene in the older part, window surrounds with diverse shapes, engaged columns with composite capitals that flank the doors, balusters with volutes, a stone plinth and sophisticated wooden elements of roof covers. Inside, just like on the outside, the chamfering of the structure can be seen, while the newer part is visibly distinguished.

The building is available to viewers and it houses the Regional Museum.

compiled by Barbara Potera, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Rzeszow, 29-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Polakowski S., Pozostałości założeń dworskich województwa podkarpackiego, Krosno 2012, s. 277-278
  • Libicki P., Dwory i pałace wiejskie w Małopolsce i na Podkarpaciu, Poznań 2012, s. 282-283
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury i budownictwa, tzw. biała, opracowana dla pałacu, autor: mgr Marta Wajdowicz, 1989 r., archiwum UOZ Rzeszów

General information

  • Type: palace
  • Chronology: pocz. XIX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Mielec
  • Location: Voivodeship podkarpackie, district mielecki, commune Mielec (gm. miejska)
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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