Barrow, site no. 1, Mętów
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

Barrow, site no. 1

Mętów

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An example of one of the very few preserved medieval earthen barrows (burial mounds) on the Lublin Upland. The distinctive features of the barrow are its substantial size and good state of conservation.

Location and description

The burial mound is located in the central part of the village, alongside the road from Lublin to Wysokie, about 200 metres in a straight line towards the south from the school building, in a garden forming part of lot no. 131A. The mound lies at the edge of the Czerniejówka river valley, about 250 metres to the west from the river bed when measured in a straight line.

The barrow is clearly discernible in the surrounding terrain. The conservation policy extends to both the barrow itself and the strip of land around the barrow, about three metres in width, which gives the site a total surface area of about 2 ares. The height of the preserved structure is ca. 1.7 metres, while its diameter is about 12-15 metres. It is located at the edge of a private garden, on a piece of land on which no agricultural works are carried out. The site is currently disused and overgrown with grass. The base of the barrow was slightly undercut during the construction of the nearby fence. Today, the only danger to the mound is the big, ancient lime tree which grows out of its top, its roots having already destroyed the original fabric of the burial mound to a large extent.

History

The mound is believed to originate from the early Middle Ages. The tentative findings as to the date of its origin place it in the 9th century.

The first mention of the burial mound in the literature on the subject was made by W. Olechowicz back in 1897. The mound itself is what remains of a larger barrow cemetery containing cremated remains of the dead which is believed to have originally consisted of 12 barrows in total, some of which have been examined by W. Olechowicz towards the end of the 19th century. The conclusion reached by the researcher as to the chronology of the burial mounds was that they originated from the 9th century. The barrow cemetery has been destroyed in the early 20th century. The current condition of the single preserved burial mound is relatively good.

Condition and results of archaeological research

No excavation research has been conducted on the burial mound so far. The research programme conducted back in 1897 by W. Olechowicz covered a few other burial mounds which have not been preserved to this day and which made up the barrow cemetery along with the existing mound. It has been determined in the course of the research programme that the burial mounds contained the remains of cremated bodies, with the period of origin of the mounds themselves being determined as the 9th century based on the moveable artefacts found. Surface surveys of the site within the framework of the ‘Archaeological Picture of Poland’ project were carried out in 1996.

Limited access to the historic site. Viewing of the barrow is only possible by arrangement with the owner of the site.

compiled by Ewa Prusicka, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Lublin, 03-10-2015.

Bibliography

  • Olechowicz W., Poszukiwania archeologiczne w guberni lubelskiej, “Materiały antropologiczno-archeologiczne i etnograficzne”. Wyd. Akademii Umiejętności Kraków, vol. II, 1897, pp. 42-55.
  • Nosek S., Materiały do badań nad historią starożytną i wczesnośredniowieczną międzyrzecza Wisły i Bugu, “Annales UMCS, vol. VI, sec. F, 1951(1957), p. 373.

General information

  • Type: Barrow
  • Chronology: IX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Mętów
  • Location: Voivodeship lubelskie, district lubelski, commune Głusk
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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