Granary, Mąkoszyce
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

Zdjęcie panoramiczne tej lokalizacji jest niedostępne.

photo

The nineteenth-century granary is one of the first buildings that are part of a residential and farm complex in Mąkoszyce. Despite the modification that involved adding the western part to the granary in the early 20th century, the building has retained its exterior and interior design.

History

The granary in Mąkoszyce was built in the early 19th century, when the village and property was owned by von Czaplicka née Urban. Later, she also founded the construction of a distillery and probably the establishment of a landscape park.

In 1866, Mąkoszyce became the property of the Berlin banker Moritz Landsberg. It was most probably then that the neo-Gothic seat was built; it was destroyed by fire in 1947 and demolished in later years. The Landsbergs owned the property until World War 2, and after that period the residential and farm complex was converted into the Mąkoszyce State Agricultural Farm (PGR). Currently, some of the buildings and land are leased by a company.

Description

The residential and farm complex is located in the north-western part of the village. It consists of two parts: residential part, at the centre of which was formerly a neo-Gothic seat of the Landsberg family located close to the park and surrounded by an administrator's building, smithy and granary; and farm part with barns, cowsheds, stables, pigsties, flats for workers, pasture and gardens. The main entrance to the area of the complex was located on the south-east side.

The granary building was erected in the southern part of the complex at a short distance from the administrator’s building and the area where the owner's seat was located. To the north of it, there is one of the barns, and to the east there is a riding horse stable and a carriage house.

The granary was built in two stages: at the beginning of the 19th century the present eastern part was built on a rectangular floor plan with an entrance from the east on the longer side, and at the beginning of the 20th century the granary was extended by adding a rectangular part to the west.

The building is made of brick on a stone base course. It consists of two storeys and a two-storey attic in the eastern part. The nineteenth-century part is covered with a saddle roof, while the twentieth-century part with a flat roof. The façades reflect the stages of construction of the structure; the front five-axial façade is articulated with rectangular window openings enclosed in surrounds and vertical rusticated strips in the corners and axes between the windows. The centre axis in which the entrance is located is enclosed in two pairs of semicircular and semi-circularly broken roofs. The side façades in the eastern part are articulated only with window openings and in the western part are additionally decorated with surrounds made in plaster. The back façade is articulated similarly.

The interior of the granary consists of two rooms connected by an inner passage. Individual storeys (four in the eastern part and two in the western part) connected by inner stairs are covered by beamed ceilings supported by wooden crossbeams and posts with angle braces.

Visitor access: The monument is open to visitors from the outside.

compiled by Aleksandra Ziółkowska, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Opole, 21-10-2015.

Bibliography

  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, vol. VII: Województwo opolskie, issue 1: Powiat brzeski, T. Chrzanowski, M. Kornecki (eds.), Warsaw 1961, pp. 64-65.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury - Zespół rezydencjonalno-folwarczny w Mąkoszycach, prepared by J. Skworz, 1998, Archives of the Voivodeship Monuments Protection Office in Opole.
  • Karta ewidencyjna zabytku architektury - Spichlerz „8, 8a” w Mąkoszycach, prepared by J. Skworz, 1998, Archives of the Voivodeship Monuments Protection Office in Opole.

General information

  • Type: utility building
  • Chronology: XIX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Mąkoszyce
  • Location: Voivodeship opolskie, district brzeski, commune Lubsza
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

Licence:

report issue with this site

Geoportal Map

Google Map

See also in this area