The burial mound, Majdan Górny
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
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The barrow is an example of one of the few preserved burial mounds located in an area between Grzęda Sokalska and Roztocze Tomaszowskie, covering the area of the south-eastern Lublin region, arranged individually or in small clusters and associated with either the late stone age or the early bronze age (most likely having links to the Corded Ware culture). The burial mound is one of the six sites of this type which have been identified in Majdan Górny. What makes it different from other mounds is its location at the top of a raised area of land and fairly good state of preservation.

Location and description

The burial mound is located at the eastern edge of the village, about 450 metres to the north from the buildings forming part of the Chorążanka village when measured in a straight line, in the north-western part of a forest known as “Stary Las” (the Old Forest), about 250-300 metres to the south from the northern edge thereof. It is located at the top of a raised area, in a deciduous forest, near a path leading through the woods.

The barrow is clearly discernible in the surrounding terrain. The height of the preserved structure is ca. 1 metre, while its diameter is about 12 metres. It is believed that either a single burial or a number of burials had been made inside the mound or underneath its surface during the late stone age or the early bronze age, with the deceased most likely being the representatives of the Corded Ware culture.

History

The mound is associated with either the late stone age or the early bronze age, most likely having links to the Corded Ware culture.

The barrows in Majdan Górny were first mentioned towards the end of the 19th century in the “Geographic Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland and other Slavic Countries”; they were referred to as “four burial mounds located behind the village, towards the south”, with no detailed description being provided which could allow us to identify one of the six burial mound sites identified in the area in 1989 in the course of the surface studies conducted as part of the “Archaeological Picture of Poland” programme. The information contained in the dictionary was later repeated by S. Nosek, who also added that the barrows were located south of the so-called Biała Góra (White Mountain). The state of preservation of the mound has remained unchanged since its identification in the course of the “Archaeological Picture of Poland” programme due to the fact that it is located in a wooded area where no agricultural works are being performed.

Condition and results of archaeological research

The site has not been subject to excavations. The location and height plan of the site was drawn up by J. Niedźwiedź and A. Medak in 1989. Surface surveys of the site within the framework of the ‘Archaeological Picture of Poland’ project were carried out by W. Koman in 1989.

The historic monument is accessible. It is clearly visible from the nearby path leading through the woods.

compiled by Ewa Prusicka, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Lublin, 23-03-2015.

Bibliography

  • Nosek S., Materiały do badań nad historią starożytną i wczesnośredniowieczną międzyrzecza Wisły i Bugu, “Annales UMCS, vol. VI, sec. F, 1951(1957), p. 378.
  • Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, F. Sulimirski (ed.), vol. 2, Warsaw 1880-1895, p. 721.

General information

  • Type: Barrow
  • Chronology: 2900 - 2200 r. p.n.e.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Majdan Górny
  • Location: Voivodeship lubelskie, district tomaszowski, commune Tomaszów Lubelski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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