Hillfort, Magnuszowiczki
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
photo

The conical hill fort dating back to the 13th to 14th centuries is a remnant of medieval settlement. It is an important cultural element and witness to the region's earliest history.

Location and description

The site is located about 50 m west of the built-up area of the village in arable fields, by a former stream (now dried up, transformed into a drainage ditch), between the Ścinawa Niemodlińska river and the village.

The conical hill fort (fortified settlement) is situated on a circular plateau measuring about 30 m in diameter and 30 cm in height and surrounded by a moat. Originally, the hill fort was probably in the shape of a rectangle with rounded corners. The cone measures 18 m by 21 m and about 2.8 m in height. The low and clearly discernible hill with a distinctive shape is overgrown with grass and alders, partly damaged to the south and north-west by land use and abandoned sand extraction.

History

The history of the hill fort is not well known. The fortified settlement, or perhaps a former watchtower, was used probably in the early stages of the development of the village, in the 13th-14th centuries. The hill fort was discovered for science by German archaeologist Georg Raschke in the interwar period.

Condition and results of archaeological research

Georg Raschke, a researcher of the interwar period, presumed the existence of a residential tower on the site. In 1969, Zbigniew Bagniewski and Grzegorz Domański conducted exploratory surveys in the southern part of the cone, which revealed a considerable amount of fragments of ceramics and lumps of pugging. A verification survey in 2000 indicated a positive result. Fragments of vessels, pieces of pugging and bricks were also found in the field adjacent to the fortified settlement.

compiled by Ewa Kalbarczyk-Klak, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Warszawa, 12-10-2014.

Bibliography

  • Kaźmierczyk J., Macewicz K., Wuszkan S., Studia i materiały do osadnictwa Opolszczyzny wczesnośredniowiecznej, Opole 1977, s. 282-283.
  • Tomczak E., Mało znane warownie Górnego Śląska, Katowice 2012, s. 112-113.

General information

  • Type: hillfort
  • Chronology: XIII-XIV w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Magnuszowiczki
  • Location: Voivodeship opolskie, district opolski, commune Niemodlin - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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