The Church of St Mary Magdalene, Łyskornia
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The Church of St Mary Magdalene

Łyskornia

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One of the valuable examples of late-Gothic wooden sacred architecture in the Łódzkie Voivodeship. It is classified to 16th-century churches of Wieluń type, Greater Poland variety.

History

The parish church of St Mary Magdalene was built in 1660, in the place of an earlier one. It was founded by the owner of the village - Chryzostom Giżycki, land judge of the Wieluń region. The parish existed already in the 15th century, the parish priest of Łyskornia was mentioned in the book of the diocese of Wieluń in 1458. In documents from 1522 and 1591, there are mentions of a church of St Mary Magdalene. In the place of an old, damaged church, a new one was built in 1660, described as: wooden, covered with wood shingles, with a belfry. In 1714 (1720), a new sacristy was erected and the wood shingles were replaced. In 1786, thanks to the then owner of the village, Gwalbert Karśnicki, chapels were added and a false vault was installed. From 1891 on, Łyskornia belonged to the parish of Naramice. Because of the bad condition of the church, it was closed in 1812, to be opened again on 13 September 1824. The parish in Łyskornia was re-established only in 1917. In 1921, the church (its main nave) was renovated and extended. At that time, the vestibule before the sacristy was built, and wall paintings were made.

Description

The church is situated in the western part of the village, on a slightly elevated plot of land, in the middle of a church cemetery delimited by a wooden fence. It is oriented. The late-Gothic church of the Wieluń type, built on a Latin cross floor plan, is comprised of a rectangular nave, a narrower, rectangular chancel terminating in a semi-hexagon, a rectangular sacristy adjoining the chancel from the north, a pair of chapels, and a small, square porch by the southern part of the body. The body is partitioned, with the nave body as the dominant architectural feature, and a narrower chancel terminating in a semi-hexagon, adjoining the chancel from the east. The nave and chancel are covered by a common, single-ridge gable roof, passing in the eastern part of the chancel into a multi-pitched roof, with pronounced eaves running around the chancel, resting on projecting, decorative frame beams and corbels. On the roof ridge, there is an octagonal steeple turret (2nd half of the 18th century). The nave, at the point where the chancel begins, is adjoined by a pair of chapels built at a later time, terminating in semi-hexagons and covered with multi-faceted roofs: the northern chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows (1749-1753) and the southern one of St Lawrence, founded by Józef Szembek, a collator of the church (1753-1797). On the north, between the chancel and the chapel, there is a small sacristy (1778), and by the southern wall of the nave - a low porch covered by a gable roof (1921). The church is made of wood, with a mixed internal structure: the chancel, eastern part of the nave, and chapels are built on a log structure, and in the western part of the nave, there is a timber frame. The building rests on a brick foundation and is covered with wood shingles, with weatherboards inside and outside. The walls are reinforced with supports on both sides. The façades feature a distinct high plinth covered with weatherboards with overlapping edges, with supports and window openings placed in equal intervals. On the walls of the chapels and the porch, there is a quarter-round crowning cornice with steps. The chancel terminating in a semi-hexagon opens to a wider, single-space, elongated nave. Both rooms are covered by a false barrel vault. The ceilings is the chapels are flat. At the western wall of the nave, there is a choir. The rood opening has a three-arm arch in its top section, with a rood beam. Over the arched openings to the chapels, lavishly profiled cornice sections have survived. Walls with vertical weatherboards are decorated with wall painting made in approx. 1921, with trompe l’œil architectural and foliage motifs, and depictions of Jesus the Merciful and the Immaculate Virgin Mary. The fittings of the church is constituted by a set of 18th- and 19th-century Baroque-Classical altarpieces.

The building is available all year round; interior tours upon prior telephone appointment with the parish administrator.

compiled by Elżbieta Cieślak, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Łódź, 15.12.2014.

Bibliography

  • Katalog kościołów i duchowieństwa Diecezji Częstochowskiej, Częstochowa 1978, s. 498.
  • Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce, t. II województwo łódzkie z. 12 Powiat Wieluński, Warszawa 1953, s. 371.
  • Katalog Archidiecezji Częstochowskiej 1993, Częstochowa 1993, s. 463.
  • Karta ewidencyjna kościoła, E. Andrzejewska 2006 r., Archiwum WUOZ w Łodzi - Delegatura w Sieradzu
  • Ryszard Brykowski, Grażyna Ruszczyk, Inwentarz drewnianej architektury sakralnej w Polsce, Zeszyt 4b kościoły w Wielkopolsce, Warszawa 1993, s. 79-88.
  • Ks. S. Librowski, Repetytorium akt wizytacji kanonicznych dawnej archidiecezji gnieźnieńskiej, Archiwa, Biblioteki i Muzea Kościelne, T. 28-31, Lublin 1974-76, s. 104, 134, 155, 164, 169, 272, 312, 371, 372, 397, 505, 528, 529, 542, 599.
  • Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, pod red. T. Sulmierskiego, T. V, Warszawa 1881, s. 862.
  • Ryszard Rosin, Słownik historyczno-geograficzny ziemi wieluńskiej w średniowieczu, Warszawa 1963, s. 111.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: XVII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Łyskornia
  • Location: Voivodeship łódzkie, district wieluński, commune Biała
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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