Manor house complex, Ludynia
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Manor house complex

Ludynia

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The manor complex in Ludynia is an example of an 18th-century country residence of middle-class gentry, erected in place of the former medieval residence of defensive functions. The manor house with extensions is one of the few examples of a wooden residence still to be seen in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship. Also noteworthy are the old cellars of the neighboring building (fortified manor house, Protestant church?, storage)

History

In the 15th century, the surrounding land was owned by the powerful Szafraniec family. Their successor, Piotr Ludyński, already had a stone mansion in the village. One of the subsequent owners was Piotr Tęgoborski, who redeveloped a stone church in the neighbouring Kozłów in the 2nd quarter of the 17th century. For that purpose, he used the stone material collected after the demolition of the old manor house. In Ludynia a wooden manor house with a grange was erected. Later, in the mid-16th century, the Szafraniecs also built a stone tower, by many regarded as a Polish Brethren’s (Arians) church. In 1746 the estate was purchased by Wojciech Kluszewski. He held various official positions, the most profitable of which were connected with the sault mining industry in Bochnia. He is credited with the funding - ca. in the mid-18th century - of the preserved wooden manor house. In the 19th century and in the 1st half of the 20th century, the manor house was held by several private owners of noble origin and treated as part of the grange complex. At that time, an extra floor was added to the storage ("Arian church"). In 1945 the property was nationalized and divided into dozens of plots of different purpose. The manor house was turned into a school and the old storage into a communal library. Due to the lack of proper maintenance and renovation, in the 1960s and 1970s, the manor house began to deteriorate; at the end of the 1970s, the buildings were actually abandoned. The efforts of a private individual, Mr Wiktor Górecki, to use the property resulted in a lease agreement signed with the commune authorities in 1979. The notarial deed was made no earlier than in 1986. In the meantime, the new user started maintenance works and makeshift renovation, which lasted until the end of the 1990s. In 1998 the complex was purchased by private persons who have owned it to date. In 2004 they also purchased the nearby ponds, formerly part of the old manor complex. Ever since, profound renovation and adaptation works have been carried out combined with the replacement of the damaged property and attempts to restore the historical character of the site.

Description

The manor house complex, now consisting of the house, park and storage (of chapel) with an extension containing a stable, is situated in the south-west part of the village. Access is possible from the north by a country road. The manor is enveloped in a park, now in the form of relics of the former scenic park (maybe on the 18th-century layout), later transformed and extended by the peripheral rows of greenery. Before the court there are visible remnants of an elegant, oval driveway, topped with a “bower" of trees planted in a circle. The whole estate is surrounded and smaller and larger water reservoirs created on a small stream. The original water system is difficult to recreate; certainly, it once played an important role as water obstacles or a wet moat surrounding the former "castle". The manor is built on older, probably 15th-century, stone cellars remaining after the former Szafraniec’s “castle” (their arrangement suggests a defensive tower). The house is a one-storey building on a rectangular plan with extensions on the sides; in front of the vestibule, there is a small porch supported on four pillars. The roof is a “Polish”, multi-pitched structure. Originally, the manor house was plastered and its columns painted. The foundation of the building on the old basement structure probably resulted in an asymmetrical arrangement of the interior: it is four-route and two-bay in the middle and three-bay in its side sections. After the recent renovation, the larch, timbered manor house has new (unplastered) boarding, new doors and windows and a new shingle roof. The former “chapel" is a small, one-storey building on a rectangular plan with the entrance framed in a stone portal. The entrance to the barrel-vaulted basement is accessible form the outside; the ground floor is covered with a barrel vault. The upper floor, added in the mid-20th century, fulfils residential functions; it can be reached by external wooden steps and the overhanging porch. A small stone stable with a coach house was added to one of its outer walls at the end of the 19th century; it has now been renovated.

The site is partly accessible (private property) - to be arranged with the owner.

Compiled by Dariusz Kalina, 22.12.2014.

Bibliography

  • Karty ewidencyjne zabytków architektury i budownictwa,: „Założenie dworskie”, Założenie dworskie: dwór”, Założenie dworskie: lamus)”,Założenie dworskie: stajnia)”, oprac. A. Myślińska, Kielce 1997, mps w archiwum Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Kielcach i Narodowego Instytutu Dziedzictwa w Warszawie.
  • Katalog zabytkowych parków i kompozycji krajobrazowych województwa kieleckiego, LUDYNIA, gm. Krasocin, J. Bogdanowski. L. Flagorowska, Kraków 1970, mps, archiwum WUOZ w Kielcach.
  • Kalina D. Ludynia - wieś z dworem i zborem. [w:] Na włoszczowskich drogach historii. Materiały z sesji naukowych odbytych w Gruszczynie, Ludyni, Olesznie, Włoszczowie poświęconej dziejom powiatu włoszczowskiego, red. D. Kalina, Kielce-Włoszczowa 2012.
  • Rawita-Witanowski M., Dawny powiat chęciński. Z ilustracjami prof. Jana Olszewskiego, oprac. D. Kalina, Kielce 2001.

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 1746 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Ludynia
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district włoszczowski, commune Krasocin
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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