Manor house, Łosośna Mała
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl
photo

One of the few wooden manor houses dating back to the early the early 18th century which survive in the Podlasie region. Due the fact that its owners had at one time been the wealthy noble family of Bouffał, who held many important offices in the Grodno district in their time and who owned extensive swathes of land in the area, the manor house has a significant historical value today. The last Polish king, Stanisław August Poniatowski, is also known to have visited the manor at some point.

History

The manor house was erected in the 1720s. It was erected at the initiative of either Zygmunt Bouffał, the titular podstoli (pantler) of Dorpat, judge of the district court in Grodno (1711) and deputy alderman of Grodno (1722), or perhaps of his son, Dobrogost Kazimierz, the district court scribe in Grodno (1721), who also attained the title of tribune (wojski) in 1747. Dobrogost’s son, Franciszek, who died in 1805, was a follower and elector of king Stanisław August and performed the function of the Grodno district court guardian and scribe as well as of the court huntsman for Lithuania (1774); later on, he became the alderman of Wierzbowo and the marshal of the Sokółka district (1794). It was he who had the privilege of entertaining the eminent guest in the person of king Stanisław August himself at his manor house. A cast iron plaque with the inscribed initials of the king which adorns one of the fireplace surrounds at the manor house is a tangible proof of that visit. In the second half of the 19th century, the manor was acquired by general Wsiewołod Apołłonowicz (Vsevolod Apollonovich) Sytin, who redesigned the manor house so that it took on the appearance of a Russian country dacha. In the early 20th century, the manor house came into the hands of the Bilmin family, who restored the original design of the house. After World War II came to an end, the ruined manor came into the hands of Wiktoria Bilmin, although some time later the entire estate - including the manor house itself - was taken over by the local State Agricultural Holding (PGR). In the years 1960-64, the conservation works intended to restore the manor house to its former glory were conducted at the initiative of Władysław Paszkowski, the Regional Monuments Inspector. Some of the rooms served as the offices of the Polish Tourist and Sightseeing Society (PTTK), while the rest of the premises continued to serve as the residence of the Bilmin family, who remain the sole owners of the historical building today.

Description

The manor house is situated in the centre of the manor house and garden complex; it is a wooden structure positioned on tall brick foundations, its walls clad with horizontal board and batten siding. Designed as a single-storey building, the manor house is covered with a hip roof. The building was erected on a rectangular floor plan with a large, central porch on the eastern side, preceded by a broad flight of steps. Its six-pane windows are arranged symmetrically on both sides of the glazed front door with an oval transom light. The porch features two pairs of sturdy wooden posts supporting a triangular pediment and gable roof. A wooden balustrade fills the spaces between the posts. Two small dormers pierce the surface of the roof. The interior follows a three-bay layout in the outermost sections and a two-bay layout in the rest of the house, with a central vestibule positioned at the heart of the manor house. Today, the manor house is in poor technical condition and requires renovation works to be undertaken. Nevertheless, it remains one of the most intriguing wooden manor houses which survive to this day - a silent witness of the history and culture of the region, located in the picturesque valley of the Łosośna river.

Viewing of the structure is only possible by arrangement with the owners.

compiled by Grzegorz Ryżewski, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Białystok, 28-08-2014.

Bibliography

  • Ryżewski G., Zabytkowe siedziby szlacheckie Sokólszczyzny - historia i stan obecny, [in:] Drobna szlachta dawniej i dziś, I. Kotowicz-Borowy (ed.), Ciechanów 2009, pp. 119-121.

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: 1. ćw. XVIII w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Łosośna Mała
  • Location: Voivodeship podlaskie, district sokólski, commune Kuźnica
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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