Manor house complex, Łopuszna
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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An example of a gentry wooden country house from the 18th century.

History

The history of the grange in Łopusza begins in the time of Walerian Poradowski who received the village in 1575 from King Stefan Batory for gallantry demonstrated on the battlefield. In the 16th century, the owner of the village was Walerian Grzywa Poradowski, and in the early 17th century Hieronim Przyłęcki, the castellan of Sącz. The manor complex was probably built in the 16th century, but its existence was first recorded only in the 18th century. In 1721 Łopuszna was leased to Jan Lisiecki of the Prus coat of arms. In 1787 the Lisicki family purchased the village. Between 1787 and 1790, Jan’s son, Romuald Lisicki, a Bar confederate, built the manor house which has survived to this day. The oldest written description of the house can be found in the 1851 publication, Dziennik podróży do Tatrów [The Dairy of My Trip to the Tatras] by Seweryn Goszczyński, a poet and participant of the November Uprising and a conspirator who took refuge in Łopuszna after the defeat of the insurrection. “A wooden house in the native style as all our noble houses, spacious, firmly rested on its base, with a porch like all our porches, and on the both sides of the porch two benches to sit on as we see everywhere... A spacious yard in front of the house; a smaller outbuilding to the left of the house with the kitchen and servant dwellings; on the right, it is obscured by farm buildings." After the death of Mr Lisicki, Leon Przerwa-Tetmajer and his wife Ludwika nee Lisicka took over the property. After the death of Leon (1881) and Ludwika (1889) Łopuszna was inherited by their daughter Kamila. She married Kazimierz Lgocki. The Lgockis renovated the house in 1892 by altering its appearance. The wooden walls were plastered and whitewashed. Wooden, circular columns were installed that took the pressure off the walls and supporting the tall, multi-pitched roof. Other consecutive successors to Łopuszna were Kazimierz and Kamila’s sons: Aleksander and Stanisław. The Lgocki family kept Łopuszna until 1949 when it was nationalized. In 1978 the entire complex was taken over by the Tatra Museum in Zakopane. The manor offers an exhibition featuring the artifacts of the village of Łopuszna, the history of the manor house, its residents and visitors.

Description

The manor house complex is located in the centre of the village, between the old wooden church of the Holy Trinity and the Dunajec River. The house is a one-level building, rectangular in shape, with a symmetrical layout of chambers inside. It is covered by a multi-pitched roof with shingles. The front side is dominated by a storied porch with the gable featuring a wavy form. The house has a log structure and a whitewashed and recreated Baroque attic. The front façade is five-axial with six-piece windows. The building is an example of a typical Polish gentry country house. The house has a small wooden outbuilding, originally used for the kitchen and servants’ lodgings. Wooden farm buildings in the vicinity: a granary, a stable with a coach house, and barns. The manor complex is surrounded by a wooden fence. The facility houses the Museum of Gentry Culture, a branch of the Tatra Museum. Exhibited are the items obtained from other similar manors in the Podtatrze region; the interior typical of an old seat of middle-class nobility has been recreated. Outside the fence of the manor buildings, on the road to Łopuszna, there is a wooden cottage of the Klamerus family, moved to this place from household no. 105 in Łopuszna. The building belonged to the Klamerus family of multiple relatives in the area differentiated by various nicknames. It was built in 1887 by Jan Klamerus nicknamed “the Owl”, as seen in the inscription on the crossbeam in the largest chamber. The cottage offers an exhibition of the interior of peasant house from the interwar period.

The manor house is accesible to visitors.

Compiled by Olga Dyba, OT NID Kraków, 10.07.2014.

Bibliography

  • Dyba O., Gaczoł A., Dwory. Kraków 2004.
  • Reychman J., Dwory i dworki pod Tatrami. "Wierchy", vol. 16, 1938, pp. 52-61.
  • Majka M., Zespół dworski w Łopusznej. „Materiały i Sprawozdania Konserwatorskie Województwa Krakowskiego” no 4/5, 1971-1972, pp. 257-277.
  • Majka M., Dworek Tetmajerów w Łopusznej. „Karpaty” no 1, 1974, pp. 111-120.
  • Jabłońska T., Moździerz Z., Muzeum Tatrzańskie - muzeum przestrzenne. Informator o ochronie zabytków Podtatrza. Zakopane 1986.
  • Liscar A., Muzeum Tatrzańskie im. Tytusa Chałubińskiego w Zakopanem. Informator. Zakopane 1998.

General information

  • Type: manor house
  • Chronology: ok. 1790 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Gorczańska 1, Łopuszna
  • Location: Voivodeship małopolskie, district nowotarski, commune Nowy Targ
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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