Academy at Smoleńsk Street, Industrial Museum, Library of the Academy of Fine Arts, Kraków
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Academy at Smoleńsk Street, Industrial Museum, Library of the Academy of Fine Arts

Kraków

photo

The Museum of Technology and Industry is an evidence that in approx. 1900, historicism was abandoned in Cracow in favour of Art Nouveau and modern building solutions. Even the reinforced concrete structure was an innovation, because concrete reinforcement for building purposes was used only in 1994 in the construction of bridges in Viggen, Switzerland, and elements of Elbląg Canal. The careful, designed fittings of the building, whose elements fortunately survived until today, draws particular attention.

History

The building was designed by T. Stryjeński, F. Mączyński, and J. Czajkowski (1908-1910), and constructed in the years 1910-1914 to house the Museum of Technology and Industry, created in 1868. As a municipal institution, it had operated since 1872 in leased premises of the Franciscan monastery. After a couple of unsuccessful attempts, the resolution of the City Council from 1888, was finally implemented in 1909-1913. In 1913, the Museum was moved to its own building. It was the greatest achievement of the next director, T. Stryjeński (he held this position in 1906-1910). In the years 1910-1918, the position of director was held by S. Till. It was then that cooperation of the Museum with Cracow Workshops, the seat of which was established in the Museum building, started. The Museum had its period of splendour before the World War I. In 1950, it was liquidated, and the collections were transferred to the National Museum in Cracow. The building and workshops became property of the Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow.

Description

Modernist building (1910-1914) designed by Franciszek Mączyński and Tadeusz Stryjeński. The Cracow citizens know well the beautiful front façade of the building at 9 Smoleńsk Street, designed by painter Józef Czajkowski, with stone cladding and Art Nouveau decoration. The construction works protracted, because the developers employed an innovative reinforced concrete structure and there was a building disaster. The building was designed with care of its actual functions. The Museum housed workshops: printing, binding, haberdashery, metal processing, and carpentry workshop. There were also offices in the building, a photo atelier, drawing hall, rooms with models, and lecture halls. The library received a spacious reading room from the front, and large storehouses from the yard. Large space and functional arrangement of interiors encouraged free development of the book collection. The reading room was designed by Karol Homolacs, and in the corridors and individual rooms, there is furniture designed specifically to this building by leading artists of the academy, both its lecturers as well as studends. The spectacular staircase with decorative, manually forged balustrade, and three large stained glass windows at the landings, made in the Workshop of the Żeleński family, draw particular attention. On the walls inside the building, there is a set of seven frescos by Zofia Stryjeńska, presenting Slavic gods and a colourful sgrafitto by Wojciech Jastrzębowski. The ceilings feature chandelier designed by Kazimierz Witkiewicz.

The monument is accessible during the courses.

compiled by Roman Marcinek, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Krakow, 20-03-2015.

Bibliography

  • Akademia w Krakowie, Kraków 2012
  • J. Wielgut-Walczak, Biblioteka MTP w Krakowie. Zarys dziejów, Kraków 2006
  • Czterej Mistrzowie i ich pracownie. Malarstwo i rysunek ze zbiorów Muzeum Akademii Sztuk, Kraków 2011
  • Dutkiewicz J., Materiały do dziejów Akademii, Kraków 1969.
  • B. Kołodziejowa, Miejskie Muzeum Przemysłowe im. dra Adriana Baranieckiego w Krakowie, „Rozprawy i Sprawozdania Muzeum Narodowego w Krakowie” 1976, t. XI
  • Z. Beiersdorf, Muzeum Techniczno-Przemysłowe w Krakowie, „Rocznik Krakowski” 1991, t. LVII
  • M. Rożek, Przewodnik po zabytkach i kulturze Krakowa, Kraków 1993

General information

  • Type: public building
  • Chronology: 1 poł. XX w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Smoleńsk 9 a, Kraków
  • Location: Voivodeship małopolskie, district Kraków, commune Kraków
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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