Parish church of St Nicholas the Bishop, Kowalewo Pomorskie
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Parish church of St Nicholas the Bishop

Kowalewo Pomorskie

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The church in Kowalewo Pomorskie is an example of Gothic ecclesiastical architecture with lavish Baroque interior fittings, representing a type of structure typical for this region.

History

The building was originally erected in the early 14th century.

Description

It is located in the town centre, near Plac 700-lecia (the Seventh Hundred Anniversary Square), along the intersection of 23 Stycznia street and Odrodzenia street, at the foot of the castle hill. The church is a Gothic building with a Baroque interior and certain Gothic Revival additions. Its body is compact in shape and features a western tower incorporated into the structure of the church itself; a sacristy adjoins the northern side of the church, while the southern side is adjoined by a chapel which was added at the turn of the 18th century. The church is oriented towards the east; designed as an aisleless structure, it originally followed a six-bay layout; in the late 14th/early 15th century, two further bays were added on the western side of the building. The walls of the red brick church are covered with plaster on the inside; outside, the plaster finish is only present on the chapel walls; other than that, it is used sparingly to accentuate certain architectural features, namely the cornice and the blind windows. The common gable roof above the main body and the sacristy is clad with ceramic roof tiles, as is the separate roof above the chapel. The tower, on the other hand, features a tall pyramid roof clad with sheet metal. Inside, the church features a flat, wooden ceiling with seven crossbeams; the chapel and the sacristy, on the other hand, feature a groin vault and a barrel vault respectively. The front façade is divided into two distinct areas, with a truncated triangular gable above which rises the tower. The lower section of the front façade features a pointed-arch archivolt portal flanked by a pair of pointed-arch blind windows; the upper section is separated by a cornice and adorned with an alternating arrangement of blind windows and diagonal lesenes. The eastern façade takes the form of a stepped gable topped with finials; it consists of three distinct sections, with the axes of the two lower sections defined by pointed-arch blind windows and blind oculi as well as a single window. The uppermost section of the gable is adorned with a circular aperture filled with tracery. Remnants of a wall painting depicting the Death of Christ can be seen inside the niche positioned below the window. The southern and northern façades are accentuated by an irregular arrangement of blind windows, windows and doorways, with a rectangular chapel projecting from the western section of the southern façade. Inside, the walls are divided by pilasters supporting a cornice which runs around the entire interior of the church; a rood arch surmounted by a crucifix and sculptures of angels separates the nave and the chancel. The interior fixtures and fittings - including the main altarpiece, the side altarpieces, the crucifix and the angel sculptures as well as the pipe organ casing - bear the hallmarks of the Baroque style; in addition, the interior is also graced by a Gothic sculpture of the Virgin Mary with Child and a Late Renaissance ambo.

Property of the parish - the structure can be viewed from the outside.

compiled by Agata Sądej, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Toruń, 19-02-2015.

Bibliography

  • Danielewicz J., Dzieje Kowalewa Pomorskiego, Bydgoszcz, 1986.
  • Diecezja toruńska, Historia i teraźniejszość, vol. 7, Dekanat Golub, Toruń 1994.

General information

  • Type: church
  • Chronology: pocz. XIV w.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Kowalewo Pomorskie
  • Location: Voivodeship kujawsko-pomorskie, district golubsko-dobrzyński, commune Kowalewo Pomorskie - miasto
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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