Holy Cross Benedictine Order monastery complex, today parish church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Koniemłoty
Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa pl

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Holy Cross Benedictine Order monastery complex, today parish church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Koniemłoty

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An example of a leading “bricklaying trend” of the 17th-century architecture of Małopolska, standing out among other churches due to the richness of stucco decoration on the vaulting (today preserved only in the presbytery). The Baroque high altar of the temple of ca. 1689 is one of the most interesting projects of this type from the 2nd half of the 17th century in Małopolska.

History

Koniemłoty was transferred to the Benedictines in Łysiec by Bolesław the Wrymouth in the 1120s. Probably ca. 12th century the monks built a temple. The parish was established in the 1st half of the 13th century, as evidenced in the sources of 1326. In 1471 Abbot Michał of Kraków obtained the pope’s consent to incorporate the parish into the Święty Krzyż monastery; the decision became effective in 1493. Ca. 15th century or in the early 16th century, a stone church was erected (replacing the previous one). In was redeveloped in the years 1637-1649 upon the initiative of Provost Fr. Łukasz Sokołowski. It was consecrated in 1649. In 1667, the monastery was ready. In the years 1702-32, Fr. Ambroży Lipski funded new temple fittings and the St Benedict Chapel was added, completed after 1732. After a fire of the complex in 1770, the monastery was rebuilt in 1772 and the church in the years 1775-1783. In 1819 the Russian authorities closed the convent. In 1825 the parish was taken over by the diocese. Several months later the monastery building was transformed into the rectory. In 1829 the interior was renovated along with the furnishings; also the cemetery wall was built as it is today. The east cemetery gate was added in 1886. In 1887 the nave vaulting was deconstructed and replaced with a wooden ceiling. In the years 1888-1889, the church fittings were completely restored (including the altars). In 1929 Stefan Szyller designed the extension of the church. In 1937 the design was “scaled down” by Stanisław Cybulski and Jan Ogórkiewicz; the project was implemented between 1938 and 1945 (the aisles were added and the sacristy was altered).In 1988 the external plaster was repaired. In the years 2008-2012, renovation works included the façade, the roofing and the rectory, which was planned to be converted into an exhibition space.

Description

The complex occupies the centre of an oval plot, encircled by a wall and located in the center of the village. It consists of a church, rectory (former monastery) and fencing. The oriented temple is located in the middle of the former churchyard. It is a two-aisle building with the Baroque, two-bay nave lined with pillars and a lower and narrower presbytery, closed polygonally. The presbytery is adjoined by a storied, rectangular sacristy. The body is enclosed by the aisles, the north one featuring a square chapel dedicated to St Benedict. The west façade touches a high, square tower, flanked by a round turret with a staircase to the south and a rectangular porch to the north. The body of the nave and presbytery is supported by buttresses. The temple was built of stone and brick and was entirely plastered. It is covered with a gable roof (over the nave with a bell turret and over the presbytery), a lean-to roof (over the aisles and the sacristy), a cupola (over the chapel), and a dome (over the tower). The façades of the building are modest and expressionless (the north wall of the chapel and aisle are rusticated). The main entrance boasts a rusticated portal. The church's interior is covered with double barrel vaults (with the stuccowork over the presbytery), faux ceiling (wooden, above the nave), a cupola on pendentives (over the chapel) and ceilings (wooden in the sacristy, concrete over the aisles). Among the elements of the fittings it is worth noting, for example, the altar of 1689 (the parament of 1748), side altars at the chancel arch of the 1640s (paintings from the 17th century with "dresses" of the 1st half of the 18th century), the pulpit from 1712, the stalls from 1708 (with images from the life of Mary) and a sculpture of the Pensive Christ of the 16th century. The rectory (former monastery) is located in the south-east corner of the church square, partly aligned with the fence. Built on a rectangular plan, it has a rectangular projection in the south-west corner. The building has partial basement, two floors and an attic. It was built of stone and was entirely plastered. It is covered with a hip roof with dormers. The interior of the rectory has the same layout in the ground and upper floor: two-bay with a go-through hall with stairs and eight chambers. The hall has a lunette ceiling, and some of the rooms are covered with wooden ceilings. The oval churchyard (now closed) is surrounded by a stone, non-transparent wall. A grand gate can be seen in the fence on the axis of the church’s east façade, at the north-east corner of the rectory.

The building is accessible to visitors. Sightseeing upon prior telephone appointment.

Compiled by Łukasz Piotr Młynarski, Regional Branch of the National Heritage Board of Poland in Kielce, 11.12.2014.

Bibliography

  • Zub J., Koniemłoty. Kościół parafialny p.w. Wniebowzięcia N.P. Marii. Sprawozdania z prac remontowo-konserwatorskich elewacji, t. I-II, Tarnobrzeg 1988, Archiwum Delegatury Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Sandomierzu.
  • Karta ewidencyjna. D. klasztor benedyktynów ob. plebania, oprac. J. Maraśkiewicz, Tarnobrzeg 1989, Archiwum Delegatury Wojewódzkiego Urzędu Ochrony Zabytków w Sandomierzu i Archiwum Narodowego Instytutu Dziedzictwa w Warszawie.
  • Adamczyk A., Modras J., Polanowski L., Prace przy zabytkach architektury sakralnej i zabudowie miejskiej, [w:] Prace konserwatorskie w woj. świętokrzyskim w latach 2001-2012, red. J. Cedro, Kielce 2014, s. 71-72
  • Derwich M., Benedyktyński klasztor św. Krzyżu na Łysej Górze w średniowieczu, Warszawa- Wrocław 1992, s. 285-286, 290-291, 318, 320, 354, 362-3, 365, 505, 517.
  • Derwich M., Materiały do słownika historyczno-geograficznego dóbr i dochodów dziesięcinnych benedyktyńskiego opactwa św. Krzyża na Łysej Górze do 1819 r., Wrocław 2000, s. 98-105.
  • Gacki J., Benedyktyński klasztor na Łysej Górze, Warszawa 1873, s. 102-104.
  • Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, t. 3: Województwo kieleckie, red. J. Z. Łoziński, B. Wolff, z. 1: Powiat buski, oprac. K. Kutrzebianka, Warszawa 1957, s. 24-26.
  • Miłobędzki A., Architektura region u świętokrzyskiego w XVII wieku, „Rocznik Muzeum Narodowego w Kielcach” T. 9 : 1975, s . 57-83
  • Miłobędzki A., Architektura polska XVII wieku, Warszawa 1980, s. 249-250.
  • Omilanowska M., Architekt Stefan Szyller 1857-1933, Warszawa 2008, s. 553-555.
  • Wiśniewski E., Rozwój sieci parafialnej w prepozyturze wiślickiej w średniowieczu. Studium geograficzno-historyczne, Warszawa 1965, s. 79, 80, 133.
  • Wiśniewski E., Prepozytura wiślicka do schyłku XVIII wieku. Materiały do struktury organizacyjnej, Lublin 1976, s. 96-98.
  • Wiśniewski J., Historyczny opis kościołów, miast, zabytków i pamiątek w stopnickiem, Marjówce 1929, reprint Kielce 2000, s. 107-117.
  • Zub J., Benedyktyni w Koniemłotach, „Zeszyty Sandomierskie. Biuletyn Towarzystwa Naukowego Sandomierskie” 2010, nr 30, s. 17-23.

General information

  • Type: monastery
  • Chronology: 1637-1649 r.
  • Form of protection: register of monuments
  • Address: Pl. Ks. Romana Kotlarza 2, Koniemłoty
  • Location: Voivodeship świętokrzyskie, district staszowski, commune Staszów - obszar wiejski
  • Source: National Heritage Board of Poland

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